Lecture 10 - International Affairs Lecture 10: Collective...

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International Affairs Lecture 10: Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace Michael Colaresi International AffairsLecture 10:Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace – p.1/25
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Review Just War and Liberals Just cause Last resort Public declaration Discrimination Proportionality Tension between Sovereignty and International Law International AffairsLecture 10:Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace – p.2/25
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What? What is a world of liberty under law? What do Ikenberry and Slaughter think about International law? Are they realists or liberals? Why? International AffairsLecture 10:Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace – p.3/25
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Collective Security To promote collective security (deterring all aggression), UN needs to: Have a forum for discussion (Gen Assembly + Security Council) provide information (debate, reports) create regulations (what counts as “aggression”, Charter) Legitimize collective action (with votes). International AffairsLecture 10:Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace – p.4/25
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CS in Action Korean War (1950): North Korea designated aggressor UN helped organize war. Realist critique: ARE YOU KIDDING! Only happened because Soviet Ambassador was out of UN (protesting Taiwan getting a UN seat, not China). Was an American War (most troops and planning). International AffairsLecture 10:Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace – p.5/25
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CS in Action II Gulf War I (1990): Iraq designated aggressor. Multinational force assembled Realist critique: ARE YOU KIDDING! Only happened because Cold War was over. Moscow did not stop the US. Still was a US war. International AffairsLecture 10:Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace – p.6/25
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Collective Insecurity What makes Collective Security so difficult? The “why me” problem: Shirking. Military action is costly. While all states might want there to be collective security. They would rather someone else payed the bills. Trust problems: related to security dilemma. Why should states share information or place their own troops under someone else’s command? International AffairsLecture 10:Collective Security and the Liberal Path to Peace – p.7/25
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Peacekeeping While collective security has been difficult for IOs and the UN in particular to create. . . It has been more effective at
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Lecture 10 - International Affairs Lecture 10: Collective...

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