Lecture 16 - International Affairs Lecture 16: Civil War...

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International Affairs Lecture 16: Civil War and Terrorism Michael Colaresi International AffairsLecture 16:Civil War and Terrorism – p.1/21
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Civil Wars and Internal Conflicts Increasingly, wars are being fought, not between two states, but between a state/government and a group within that state. We call these civil wars Example, Sudanese Civil war that started in the 1980’s has killed over 2 million people. These become international because: They spill over States takes sides and intervene They disrupt trade and interests International AffairsLecture 16:Civil War and Terrorism – p.2/21
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Civil Wars and Destruction These internal conflict have caused: 1. failed states (a state collapses) . . . Somalia. 2. Huge amount of suffering (Genocide, Famine, disease). 3. External War (intervention from outside) . . . Afghan civil war with Soviets. 4. Training ground for terrorists . . . Afghan civil war. International AffairsLecture 16:Civil War and Terrorism – p.3/21
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Types of Internal Conflict There are several types of internal conflict. Ethnopolitical Conflict: ethnic groups/nationalities fight the states. Usually fighting for independence and a separate state. or to gain control of the state. Example Chechyn conflict in Russia (separation). Somali civil war was fought for both separation and control of government (depended on the group). International AffairsLecture 16:Civil War and Terrorism – p.4/21
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Ethnopolitical Conflict II Causes of Ethnopolitical Conflict Poverty . . . no tax revenue for state, large group of people with little or nothing to lose. Lack of Democracy . . . Feeling of being cut out of political system. Things that perpetuate already existing Ethnopolitical Conflict (does not start them, but makes them worse). Lootable resources (diamonds, drugs, gold), see
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Lecture 16 - International Affairs Lecture 16: Civil War...

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