Science2 - 00055

Science2 - 00055 - Untitled internal secretion, such as the...

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Untitled internal secretion, such as the thyroid and the supra-renal. These manufacture subtle chemical substances which are distributed by the blood throughout the body, and have a manifold influence in regulating and harmonising the vital processes. Some of these chemical messengers are called hormones, which stimulate organs and tissues to greater activity; others are called chalones, which put on a brake. Some regulate growth and others rapidly alter the pressure and composition of the blood. Some of them call into active development certain parts of the body which have been, as it were, waiting for an appropriate trigger-pulling. Thus, at the proper time, the milk-glands of a mammalian mother are awakened from their dormancy. This very interesting outcome of evolution will be dealt with in another portion of this work. THE INCLINED PLANE OF ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR § 1 Before passing to a connected story of the gradual emergence of higher and higher forms of life in the course of the successive ages--the
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