week4 - Biology Networks Natural Systems Artificial Life...

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DESMA 9: Art, Science and Technology We are now in transition from an object-oriented to a systems-oriented culture. Here change emanates, not from things , but from the way things are done . Jack Burnham, 1968 Biology, Networks, Natural Systems, Artificial Life
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TODAY 4/16/07: • Quick Review of last week’s topics and lecture by Sean Dockray • Biological networks • Computer networks • Artificial Life • Visitor / responder: Edward Shanken, Ph.D.
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The Difference / Analytical Engine: Charles Babbage, 1822 "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of very big mathematical tables." This machine used the decimal number system and was powered by cranking a handle.
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AUGUSTA ADA KING, Countess of Lovelace (born Ada Byron) Renowned for her description and associated notes on Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine which was never built, but Ada's notes are widely recognized as containing the first ever computer program. “The Analytical Engine has no pretensions whatever to originate anything. It can do whatever we know how to order it to perform. It can follow analysis; but it has no power of anticipating any analytical relations or truths.” She speculated: that "the Engine might compose elaborate and scientific pieces of music of any degree of complexity or extent."
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H.G. Wells: WORLD BRAIN 1937 automated system for making all of humanity's knowledge available
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The TURING test Alan Turing, mathematician, cryptographer “father of computer science” Turing provided an influential formalization of the concept of the algorithm and computation with the Turing machine in 1936. Turing machines were not meant to be a practical computing technology, but a thought experiment about the limits of mechanical computation; thus they were not actually constructed. Studying their abstract properties yields many insights into computer science and complexity theory. With the Turing test, he made a significant and characteristically provocative contribution to the debate regarding artificial intelligence: whether it will ever be possible to say that a machine is conscious and can think.
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"the science and engineering of making intelligent machines" AI is studied in overlapping fields of computer science, psychology, philosophy, Neuroscience and engineering, dealing with intelligent behavior, learning and Adaptation and usually developed using customized machines or computers. John McCarthy He was responsible for the coining of the term
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week4 - Biology Networks Natural Systems Artificial Life...

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