Nora A. Taylor
sociation's objection to Bui Xuan Phai's work, but his acquaintances say he was
only "watched." Conversation with Bui Xuan Phai's wife in March 1994.
26. Marshall Herman, All That Is Solid Melts into Air (New York: Penguin,
27. T. J. Clark, The Painting of Modern Life (Princeton N.J.: Princeton Uni-
versity Press, 1984), 10.
z8. Information on Duong Bich Lien was given to me by his next-door neigh-
bor and close friend, Nguyen Hao Hai, author of several articles on the painter.
29. Information on the price of the painting was given to me by Nguyen Van
Lam and confirmed by Viet Hai, director of the 7 Hang Khay Street Gallery in
Hanoi, December 1993.
30. For the past several years, Chinese artists have formed a movement in
reaction to official art commonly called "cynical realism," or "Mao-pop." The
movement is aimed at poking fun at Utopian images of Communist Party leaders
and commenting on the working class's lack of education. See, for example,
Andrew Solomon, "Their Irony, Humor (and Art) Can Save China," New York
Times Magazine, December 19, 1993.
31. I am grateful to Nguyen Dang Che and Nguyen Dang Dung of Dong
Ho village for information on the situation with folk arts.
32. Nguyen Quan and Phan Cam Thuong, My Thuat o Lang [Art in the
Village] (Hanoi: NXB My Thuat, 1991).
33. Personal communication, interview with Nguyen Tu Nghiem, April
34. See William Rubin, Primitivism in XXth Century Art: Affinity ofthe
Tribal and the Modern (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1984).
35. Hantover, Uncorked Soul.
36. Vu Huyen, "Notes on the 1990 National Arts Exhibition," Vietnamese
Studies 3 (1990): 100-102.
37. Thomas McEvilley's comments on the Museum of Modern Art's Primi-
tivism in XXth Century Art: "Doctor, Lawyer., Indian Chief," in his Art and
Otherness: Crisis in Cultural Identity (New York: Documentext, 1992), 27-56.
The Past without the Pain
The Manufacture of Nostalgia
in Vietnam's Tourism Industry
Laurel B. Kennedy and Mary Rose Williams
A remarkable journey occurred in 1996 when a group of ten American;
veterans of the war in Vietnam returned to the country they had first;
known as soldiers. Riding Harley-Davidson motorcycles, whose distiik-
tive bass rumble is so loud and overwhelming it is sometimes
to as "Rolling Thunder," the vets spent eighteen days traveling fro^^^l '
Chi Minh Citv to Hanoi. It is not difficult to imagine that these-,;ir!iiiBe®|'
rook Vietnam by storm. Even the busiest and noisiest roadways offweltrl;
nam, a quiet country, would have come to a halt as bicyclists, bus; cjn^i,
ers, and pedestrians watched the spectacle of American steel, chrTg'^nSil
and leather roaring past. One can wonder why those veterans chose; to.