The Uses of Different Materials According to Their Properties and Structures.docx00.docx

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 35 pages.

The Uses of Different Materials According to Their Properties andStructures: Sports Equipment’sSports equipmentis any necessary item that is used to play sports, can be agame equipment (ball, racket, net) or a player's equipment (shoes, pads,clothes).Materials Used for Sports EquipmentIn the field of sports, material selection is very important for the success andperformance of any athlete. The characteristics of the materials shouldinclude strength and durability for each sports equipment to perform itspurpose well.In general, the materials used in making sports equipment are also the samewith the materials in making medical implants. It can also be categorizedinto threetypes: metals, ceramics, and polymers. However, some of thematerials also are made of natural materials like wood.Metalsare composed of particles held together by strong metallic bonds,making them strong and durable.Alloys are usually used in sports equipment that requires strength orstiffness in weight performance. They are made of two or more metals andother substances which improve the strength, hardness, durability,formability, and tensile strength of the metal. For example,aluminiumalloyis one of the most common alloys used in the frameset of a bicycle.This material does not only support the weight of the person but alsoprovide a lightweight feel without sacrificing its durability.Stainless steelis commonlyused inmaking golf clubs.Titaniumalloysareused in making baseball batsover woodbecause some players tend tobreak thebats after hitting the baseballCeramicsare non-metallic,inorganicsolids with ionic or covalentbonds. Theyare commonly used in sports equipment parts that receive impact. They arelightweight, durable, and has wear resistance than many plastic materials.Ceramic fibresare not traditionally used in sports equipment. However, withthe advancement and innovation of manufacturers, they have developedsports equipment and parts which contain ceramics. For example, carbon-ceramic rotors are used in race car brakes. The ceramics used together withcarbon makes the car breaks lightweight as well as durable.Ceramic fibresare also used in several head tennis racquets which addpower whenever hitting the ball.Polymershave molecules with a large number of repeating units ofcovalently bonded chain of atoms. They are used to make protective sportsequipment. They are known for durability and flexibility.Polycarbonateis a strong, shatter-free polymer that is usually found inprotective sports equipment such as in biking and equestrian competitions.They can be also seen in protective visors and sunglasses as well asswimming goggles.Polyurethaneis commonly used in soccer balls. It is a synthetic material thatcoats the leather material in the ball and protects it from damages like tears,scuffs, and scratches.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 35 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Summer
Professor
tanya
Tags
Chemical reaction

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture