Ant2140 Exam 3 Study Guide

Ant2140 Exam 3 Study Guide - nd 1460, (200 B.C.- 650 A.D.)...

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of Peruvian Environments : (deserts, highlands, lowlands) driest desert- decreasing rainfall - y a: Initial Food Production and Sedentism 000 B.C.) tal site initially occupied by nomadic then sedentary s focused on marine resources ll fish (sardines, anchovies), squash, beans, gourds, t materials for nets/lines for fishing ca – manioc, sweet potatoes, fish, mollusks maize ~ 2,000-1000 B.C. nsive Agriculture and Complex Chiefdom-State el Societies rmediate (200 B.C.- 650 A.D.) ast of Peru: Nazca ast of Peru: Moche o urban center l Sol, Huaca del Luna (Pyramid of the Sun and divergent purposes dences and cemetaries specialized craft production – ceramics, metals, ulation fferentiation (house construction) orita de Sipan tion of authority nd 1460, abandoned as an official site for the s a hundred yrs later at the time of the Spanish of the Inca Empire for centuries until the site was brought to e attention in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an historian ecording devices used in the Inca Empire onsisted of colored spun and plied thread or ngs from llama or alpaca hair lapse e wars led by conquistador Francisco Pizarro ghting between the Incas themselves. succession broke out between Huayná Capac's 2 sons, uascár. What was even worse then all these, an pox swept through the land, weakening of the empire. e ruler, but Pizarro's men brutally murdered him in er the control if the Empire's most important cities plit Inheritance in Inca Society which a ruler's chosen successor obtained all political while the ruler's other male descendants received all sures as much land as possible, to ensure not only wealth for and cult , but also to secure a place for eternity . red in Ohio and southern Illinois but with ences across eastern North America w/local ations in pottery styles- also had in common ctive artifact types e Woodland ceremonial complex/culture ved conical earthen mounds- geometric and earthworks enclosing hundreds of acres y Mounds- representation of a person erpent Mound, Ohio largest Effigy mound e world rate mortuary ritual and interregional ange Mississippi valleys acquired a very wide range of exotic goods and raw materials from all over North America. teeth from Florida, grizzly bear teeth from the Rocky Mountains, and mica, quartz crystal, and chlorite from the Appalachians. ough ‘down-the-line’ exchange between villages, the trade being controlled by some kind of elite or local ‘big men’. thology of the Mississippian Culture that coincided w/their adoption of maize-agriculture and chiefdom-level society Ant2140 Exam 3 Study Guide Early Food Production and Complex Societies Peruvian and Amazonian Societies Domesticates : Beans, Potatoes, Chili Peppers, Quinoa, Peanuts, Coca, Cotton, Gourds, - Manioc (Amazon?) – also known as Cassava- domesticated in lowland Tropical Peru and Brazilian Amazon >3000 B.C. -
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Ant2140 Exam 3 Study Guide - nd 1460, (200 B.C.- 650 A.D.)...

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