Ant3364 Midterm I - Weekly Exercise 1 (Blue Book) January...

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Weekly Exercise 1 (Blue Book) January 13, 2009 1. The earliest form of Chinese writing has been reserved in engravings on “oracle bones” and bronze vessels of the Shang dynasty (ca. 16c.-11c. B.C.). 2. For over 2,000 years Confucianism was the official orthodox of imperial China. The teachings of Confucius have been passed down in his dialogues with his students, known as The Analects . 3. The first ruler who unified China in 221 B.C. and assumed the title of Emperor was Qin Shihuangdi 4. Rulers of the last Chinese imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty, 1644-1911) were of the Manchu ethnic group. Weekly Exercise 2 (Blue Book + Daughter of Han) January 20, 2009 1. China’s experience in the 19th century, as John King Fairbank aptly summarized in reading 4, was a stark tragedy in which the once great nation went through the painful process from gradual decline to complete fall. This tragedy was attributed to the twin burdens of foreign invasion known as Imperialism on the one hand and China’s own weakness and outworn values known as Feudalism on the other. 2. The May 4th Movement of 1919 was the first time in Chinese history that traditional culture was fundamentally rejected and ideas counter to the time-honored values were promoted. In their quest for modernity, the Chinese intellectuals believed that the following two ideas would lead China to stand up as a great nation again (reading 7 by Vera Schwarcz): B. Science and democracy. 3. A Daughter of Han is the self-told story of a Chinese woman happened C. in the seven decades from the 1860s to 1930s. 4. How did Ling Lao T’ai-t’ai get married? How old was she when she married for the first time? Who was her husband and how old was he? Lao T’ai-t’ai got married at age 13 biologically, 15 on the Chinese calendar. Her wedding was very traditional and she wore red. Her husband was a fisherman and he was 14 years older than her and he was found by a local matchmaker between the two families. Lao T’ai-t’ai was only 12 years old when the arrangement was made and her parents believed that an older man would cherish her. Weekly Exercise 3 (Blue Book + Daughter of Han) January 27, 2009
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1. What was the most salient factor that contributed to the poverty of the Ning family? The poverty of the Ning family was due to the fact that her husband was an opium addict and he sold all of their goods for opium. 2. What happened to the younger child, Chinya, of “daughter of Han?” Why did she leave her husband in her early twenties? The younger child, Chinya, was sold for money. Liao T’ai-t’ai left her husband in her early twenties because he sold their daughter twice for opium. 3. Why opium was so wide-spread in China in the mid 19th century? Opium was so widespread in China in the mid-19
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Ant3364 Midterm I - Weekly Exercise 1 (Blue Book) January...

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