Ant3364 Midterm II

Ant3364 Midterm II - Weekly Exercise 8 1 Identify the time...

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Weekly Exercise 8 3/17/09 1. Identify the time frame of the following terms: A. Imperial China - (Qin) 221 B.C.-1911; after Song Dynasty, it’s Late Imperial China B. Traditional China - no beginning point-1949 C. Modern China - 1919-Present D. Contemporary China - 1949-Present 2. Write a brief definition for the following terms: A. The Great Leap Forward - (See Communist Party timeline) A radical modernization project which led to famine and the death of 36 million. Started in 1958, goal to surpass Britain- attempt to catch up with the United States B. The Four Cleanups - officially known as “Socialist Education Movement” in 1963; goal to wipe out corrupt elements from within the party (politics, economy, organization, and ideology) —wanted Communist party to be loyal—target were local leaders such as Secretary Lin of The Spiral Road . Power struggle between Mao and more pragmatic leaders in the Communist party Mao said “We can never forget class struggle” Weekly Exercise 9 3/24/09 1. What, according to Martin King Whyte, was the ideological foundation of late imperial China? The ideological foundation was shaped by a set of Confucian assumptions—a moral consensus, human bonds, and mutual obligations. In the ideal society, systematic instruction in the proper rules and group pressure to comply with them would produce social harmony and prosperity. Through what mechanism the ideal social order was attempted to be achieved? Social order was achieved through education, laws, the justice system, and the kinship system—Five Axes and Three Cardinal Guides. 2. In his discussion of the social transformations in Mao era China, Martin King Whyte analyzed the similarity and difference between the communists and their dynastic predecessors in their pursuit of statecraft. Can you summarize the similarity and difference in a succinct way? (answer on pg. 212—Social Transformation in Mao Era) Ideology of Mao is Communism vs. Imperial Time (Confucianism). The similarity is that in contrast to Western, Modernized societies, both Mao and Imperial China emphasize Collectivity over individual interests. They sought to promote the interests of the larger society. The CCP attempted to promote the age-old dream of Chinese statecraft—to produce a unified and orderly social hierarchy. Family is an important mechanism for uniting the society together. Marriage is not based on individual interests more to perpetuate the family. The difference is that with the party organization in Maoist China the state had more power and resources to enforce conformity than in Imperialist China. Weekly Exercise 10 (The Chinese Economy) 3/31/09
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1. With regard to China’s traditional economic legacy, what are the major arguments of the “economic continuity” and “social discontinuity” perspectives respectively? What is Naughton’s own evaluation of the legacy? (Answer on pg. 34) The Chinese had a gradual approach to market economy whereas the Soviets had a rapid approach. Economic Continuity- economists stress this because in the presence of favorable economic
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2009 for the course ANT 3364 taught by Professor Shih during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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Ant3364 Midterm II - Weekly Exercise 8 1 Identify the time...

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