lec09-2 - Premonitions of Insight & Incubation on Insight...

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on Insight Problems Psychology 355: Cognitive Psychology Winter Quarter 2009 3/3/2009
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 2 Outline • Are insight problems psychologically different from insight problems? • Incubation effects • Time permitting: Set and functional fixedness
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 3 Insight Problems • The solution of insight problems usually depends on finding a new way to represent the problem. Examples • Circle Problem • Mutilated Checkerboard Problem (Matchmaker Problem) • Cheap Necklace Problem
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 4 Cheap Necklace Problem (Chain Problem) Cheap Necklace Problem: Convert these 4 strands of chains into a single loop by opening and closing only 3 links. (Insight problem)
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 5 Cheap Necklace Problem – Another Insight Problem Initial state: 4 strands of chains, initially separated. Goal state: One unbroken loop. Moves or transformations: Open and close links. Constraint: Only 3 links can be opened and closed. What is the solution to the Cheap Necklace Problem? What series of permissible moves will transform the initial state into the goal state? Initial State Goal State
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 6 Solution to the Cheap Necklace Problem • Open all three links of one strand. • Use these open links to link together the other three strands. (Next – see how this would work)
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 7 Solution to the Cheap Necklace Problem • Open all three links of one strand. • Use these open links to link together the other three strands.
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 8 Solution to the Cheap Necklace Problem • Open all three links of one strand. • Use these open links to link together the other three strands.
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 9 Solution to the Cheap Necklace Problem • Open all three links of one strand. • Use these open links to link together the other three strands.
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 10 Solution to the Cheap Necklace Problem • Open all three links of one strand. • Use these open links to link together the other three strands.
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11 Solution to the Cheap Necklace Problem • Open all three links of one strand. • Use these open links to link
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2009 for the course PSYCH 355 taught by Professor Miyamoto during the Winter '08 term at University of Washington.

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lec09-2 - Premonitions of Insight & Incubation on Insight...

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