Lec05-3 - Introduction to Long-Term Memory Psychology 355 Cognitive Psychology Winter Quarter 2009 Outline • Distinction between short-term

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Introduction to Long-Term Memory Psychology 355: Cognitive Psychology Winter Quarter 2009 2/4/2009
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UW Psych 355, Miyamoto, Win '08 2 Outline • Distinction between short-term memory and long-term memory • HM – a famous clinical case • Different types of long-term memory ---------------------------------------------- • Levels of processing . Next: Oops!
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 3 Oops! Next: Distinction Between STM & LTM
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 4 • Short-term memory example: Remember the following words: hand, chair, reed, bottle • Short-term memory refers to a memory store for active, current thoughts, images, or spatial representations. • Long-term memory refers to a variety of memory processes that allow retrieval of memories that are not currently preserved in short-term memory. Next: Examples of LTM
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P 355, Miyamoto, Winter '09 5 Examples of Long-Term Memory Long-term memory includes: • Important information about the self and events in the world, but also, . .. • Trivial information about what has happened in the recent past (bear on a log), and also, . ... • “Semantic” knowledge, e.g., what is an apple, a pencil; which is bigger, a mouse or a moose; etc. • How to do things: Tie your shoes, drive a car, dial a number on a cell phone • Learned associations that are not explicit, e.g., the atmosphere of a dentist’s office makes you feel apprehensive. Next: Definition of Encoding & Retrieval
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6 • Encoding – creating an LTM of currently processed information • Retrieval – bringing information that is stored in LTM back to STM • This diagram may be misleading because it seems to suggest that information must pass through "short-term memory" in order to get to long- term memory. Not everyone agrees with this assumption. Sensory
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2009 for the course PSYCH 355 taught by Professor Miyamoto during the Winter '08 term at University of Washington.

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Lec05-3 - Introduction to Long-Term Memory Psychology 355 Cognitive Psychology Winter Quarter 2009 Outline • Distinction between short-term

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