07a-ARCHITecture - Middle Eastern Architecture Sacred and...

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Middle Eastern Architecture Sacred and Profane Spaces
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Various Levels of Importance of Arts Architecture Literary Arts Musical Arts ….then Visual Arts Architecture first: $, lasts, viewed by all Mosques and madrasahs (and shrines) Secular markets, palaces, homes, baths, etc.
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Middle Eastern Architecture Not the same in all regions, But there are some distinguishing features Islamic architecture , architecture of the mosque, Affected all architecture thereafter Absorbed Asian and Indian elements: e.g. Taj Mahal Absorbed North African and Spanish elements as well e.g. Moroccan arches, African adobe
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Mosque Requirements: 1. Clean space 2. Mihrab (showing qibla) 3. Minbar (stepped pulpit for the Khutba) 4. Water source nearby
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Mosque Options (very common): 1. Domes 2. Columns 3. Arches 4. Courtyard (sahn) 5. Mineret (came later) 6. Library 7. School (madrasa) 8. Hospital 9. Cemetery
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It was also his house, a social gathering place, and a learning center.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course TRAD 101 taught by Professor Weiner during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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07a-ARCHITecture - Middle Eastern Architecture Sacred and...

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