lecture06 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 6 THE...

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1 1 LECTURE 6 THE PROBLEM OF EVIL 2 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 [1] The Logical Problem of Evil – The existence of evil is logically inconsistent with the existence of God. [2] The Evidential Problem of Evil – The existence of evil, even if logically compatible with the existence of God, is some reason to think God does not exist. TWO VERSIONS REVISITED 3 An evidential argument may be based on [1] the mere fact of evil [2] particular instances of evil [3] kinds of evil [4] the amount of evil KINDS OF EVIDENTIAL ARGUMENT
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2 4 A sample argument from William Rowe: [1] There exist instances of intense suffering which an omnipotent, omniscient and perfectly good being could have prevented without thereby preventing the occurrence of any greater good or permitting some evil equally bad or worse. [P] AN EVIDENTIAL ARGUMENT – PART 1 5 [2] An omnipotent, omniscient and perfectly good being would prevent the occurrence of any intense suffering it could, unless it could not do so without thereby preventing the occurrence of some greater good or permitting some evil equally bad or worse. [P] _____ [3] Therefore, there does not exist an omnipotent, omniscient and perfectly good being. [From 1 AN EVIDENTIAL ARGUMENT – PART 2 6 This premise tells us what a morally perfect being would do in circumstances where she knew of some intense suffering that was about to occur
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lecture06 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 6 THE...

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