lecture08 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 8 DESCARTES...

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1 1 LECTURE 8 DESCARTES 1 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Epistemology is the philosophical study of knowledge and rationally justified belief. The Focal Questions: [1] What is knowledge? [2] What do we know? [3] What is rationally justified belief? [4] What are we justified in believing? INTRODUCTION TO EPISTEMOLOGY 3 Skeptics about knowledge claim that we don’t have knowledge. Skeptics about justified (rational) belief claim that we don’t have justified belief. Total skeptics make a claim about human beliefs in all areas. Partial skeptics make a claim about human beliefs in certain areas. SKEPTICISM 1
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2 4 Examples of Partial Skepticism - We don’t have knowledge regarding the past. - We don’t have knowledge about God. - We don’t have knowledge about the minds of other people. - We don’t have knowledge about morality. - We don’t have justified belief about the future. - We don’t have justified belief that anything outside of our own minds exist. SKEPTICISM 2 5 Knowledge THAT - Propositional Knowledge - S knows that Tanzania is in Africa. Knowledge HOW - Procedural Knowledge - S knows how to ride a bicycle. Knowledge OF - Object Knowledge - S knows Bob Dylan. Our Interest: Propositional Knowledge KINDS OF KNOWLEDGE 6 [1] If you know that p, then it isn’t possible that you are mistaken about p. [P] [2] It is possible that you are mistaken about p. [P] _____ [3] So, you do not know that p. [From 1 & 2] AN ARGUMENT FOR SKEPTICISM
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lecture08 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 8 DESCARTES...

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