lecture10 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 10 THE...

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1 1 LECTURE 10 THE PROBLEM OF INDUCTION INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 [1] THE SKEPTICAL THESIS: Most of our beliefs about things we have not observed have no rational basis . [Section IV] [2] THE "SOLUTION": We are built so as to form such beliefs. [Section V] HUME’S TWO CLAIMS 3 I know (or at least am rational in believing) that: - All triangles have three sides. - 2+2=4. - All bachelors are unmarried. without observing all triangles or all bachelors or counting everything. RELATIONS OF IDEAS 1
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2 4 Each of these propositions is (Hume allows): [A] Known or rationally believed on the basis of a priori rational intuition. [B] Necessarily true - Could not have been false. RELATIONS OF IDEAS 2 5 I think I know (or at least am rational in believing): - I had Cheerios for breakfast. - There is a table in front of me. - The sun will rise tomorrow. - The earth will turn on its axis tomorrow. - In July it will be quite warm. - Humans will exist in the future. - All electrons have the same charge. - All emeralds are green. - Glaciers once covered much of North America. MATTERS OF FACT 1 6 Each of those propositions is [A] Known or rationally believed (if rationally believed) at least partly on the basis of sense experience (or memory of sense experience). [B] Contingently true - Could have been false. MATTERS OF FACT 2
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3 7 Main Question: "What is the nature of the evidence which assures us of any real existence and matter of fact beyond the present testimony of our senses or the records of our memory[?]" [Hume, Section IV] What reasons do we have for our beliefs about unobserved ("absent") matters of fact? HUME’S MAIN QUESTION 1
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2009 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Pust during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

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lecture10 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 10 THE...

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