lecture12 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 12 THE...

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1 1 LECTURE 12 THE IDENTITY THEORY INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Main Claims: [1] The Mind and the Brain are the same thing. [2] Mental states/properties are identical to brain state/properties. Substance Dualism: [1] is wrong and [2] is wrong. Property Dualism: [2] is wrong. Even if there are no immaterial minds, having a mental property is not the same thing has having a physical property (nor is it analyzable into physical properties). THE MIND-BRAIN IDENTITY THEORY 3 [1] Are there good arguments for the truth of the Identity Theory? - The Argument from Simplicity - The Argument from Causal Role Analysis [2] Are there good arguments against the truth of the Identity Theory? - The Multiple Realizability Objection - The Knowledge Argument ISSUES
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2 4 The history of science seems to reveal the increasing success of materialism – the view that every object is a physical object with purely physical properties. MATERIALISM 5 "Lightning is identical to a kind of electrical discharge." "Water is H2O." "Heat is molecular motion." Identity theorists claim that their thesis is like these statements – something we can only discover empirically. SCIENTIFIC IDENTITY STATEMENTS 6 Assumption: We will eventually be able to explain all human behavior in purely physical (neurological) terms. IF true
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lecture12 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 12 THE...

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