lecture13 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 13 MORAL...

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1 1 LECTURE 13 MORAL RELATIVISM INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Descriptive Cultural Relativism – Different cultures or groups have different moral standards or codes. Examples Historic Eskimos - infanticide and polygamy Historic Hindus - suttee Taliban - forbidding education for girls DESCRIPTIVE CULTURAL RELATIVISM (DCR) 3 Normative Cultural Relativism – Whether a given action is morally right or morally wrong depends entirely on the moral standards of the society of the person performing the action. So, the correct moral standard for one person may not be correct moral standard for another person. NORMATIVE CULTURAL RELATIVISM (NCR)
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2 4 1. DCR 2. Everyone must make their own moral decisions. 3. Everyone has "a right" to their moral opinions. 4. People shouldn’t be blamed for acting according to their sincere moral judgments. WHAT NCR IS NOT 5 An argument for NCR 1. Different cultures have different moral standards. [P] ____ 2. Therefore, morality is relative to a cultural standard. [From 1] THE CULTURAL DIFFERENCES ARGUMENT 6 Is the premise really established by the examples? [1] No evidence that there is cultural disagreement about all standards. There seems to be agreement on some standards. E.g. Incest, Lying, Murder. FIRST PROBLEM WITH THE ARGUMENT - 1
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3 7 [2] Moral judgments about particular actions are often produced by two different factors: [A] fundamental moral standards
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lecture13 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 13 MORAL...

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