lecture14 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 14 MORALITY...

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1 1 LECTURE 14 MORALITY AND GOD INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 What is the relationship between morality and traditional theistic religion? God = an all-powerful, all-knowing, and perfectly good person. Theist - a person who believes that God exists. Atheist - a person who believes that God does not exist. Agnostic - a person who withholds belief on the question of whether or not God exists. THE BIG QUESTION 3 1. Metaphysical Claim – Actions are right or wrong because of God. 2. Epistemological Claim – We come to know what is right or wrong on the basis of knowledge about God. 3. Psychological or Motivational Claim – God provides us with reason or motivation to act morally. THREE POSSIBLE KINDS OF RELEVANCE
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2 4 Not the claim that no actual token action would be right or wrong if not for God. - True (if God exists), but uninteresting. Not the view that God commands us to do all and only what is morally obligatory and forbids us to do all and only what is morally forbidden. - True (if God exists and is good) but doesn’t make moral truth depend upon God. THE METAPHYSICAL CLAIM: THE DIVINE COMMAND THEORY OF MORALITY 5 (DCM) An act is morally wrong if and only if God commands that it not be done. An act is morally obligatory if and only if God commands that it be done. An act is morally right if and only if God commands that it be done or does not command that it not be done. AND whatever moral status an act has, what makes it have that moral status is God’s commanding or not commanding as God does. A DIVINE COMMAND THEORY 6 Perhaps the theory should be formulated in terms of God’s approval/disapproval or in terms of what God wills since commands [a] seem to take place in time. [b] may not be issued in sufficient numbers to
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lecture14 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 14 MORALITY...

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