Igbo_Culture_and_History - Historical Periods of the Igbos...

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Historical Periods of the Igbos A Tribute to Prof Ohadike By Ayele Bekerie
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A.D. 900-1500 Crossing the Niger River and settling in the western part of the river. Their occupations consisted of farmers, hunters and craft persons.
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A.D. 1500-1750 Historical interactions with Edo, Igala, Yoruba, Urhobo, and Ijo peoples. Benin’s expansion Trade in enslavement Igbo kingship based on the Ozo title Edo political system based on obiship
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1750-1960 1750-1900-Involved with trade in enslavement and provisioning trade based on yam, maize and palm oil. Introduced to missionaries and imperialism. 1900-1960-Colonial period
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Igbo Culture and History Igbos organized themselves in small scale republics, ruled by their elders in association with titled chiefs, age-grades, secret societies, and women’s associations. Shared frontiers with kingdoms of 15 th and 16 th century Benin and Igala. The Igbo’s encounter with the Europeans in the 19 th and 20 th centuries was very violent and destabilizing. Neighboring kingdoms: Benin, Igala, Ijo, Efik, and Urhobo.
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Igbo Culture and History Cont’d There is a sense of group individualism Igbo people: Population: 16 million Language: Igbo with several dialects Location: Above the Delta region of Niger up to cross river Area covers swamp lands, forest and open grasslands.
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Igbo Culture and History Cont’d “Before the 20 th century, it would have been incorrect to speak of the Igbo as a single people; they were made up of over two hundred separate groups .” Don Ohadike XIX Creation Myth : In the beginning the earth’s surface was covered by water then Chukwu greeted the first human family: Eze Nri’s family who stood on top of an anthill.
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Chukwu’s Myth 1. To break their hunger, Chukwu offered them Yam which they found it to be delicious. 2. Second Time, Chukwu offered them yam seeds: “Plant these and you will have an abundance of yams.” 3. Awka Blacksmiths used their bellows to blow the land dry. 4. Chukwu asked Eze Nri to sacrifice his first son and daughter and plant the yam seed in the grave. The seeds grew into yams and cocoyams—shared traditions of genesis among the Igbo people.
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Chukwu’s Myth Chukwu—The creator of all things, live in the distant heaven. Supreme God demands obedience. Igbo’s mythology places their origin in the south- west part of Nigeria. Igbo’s have lived in their present day location for at least 2000 years.
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Archaeological evidence: Transition from stone tools to pottery based tools. Transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture.
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Spearheads, arrowheads, swords, hoes, knives, earrings, finger rings, bracelets, anklets, hammers, anvils, tweezers, scissors, and cooking pots. 1000 C.E. – Bronze masks
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Igbo_Culture_and_History - Historical Periods of the Igbos...

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