7 - Gifted Child Quarterly http:/gcq.sagepub.com Predictors...

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http://gcq.sagepub.com Gifted Child Quarterly DOI: 10.1177/001698620504900102 2005; 49; 7 Gifted Child Quarterly Albert Ziegler, Monika Finsterwald and Robert Grassinger High School Physics Instruction in Germany Predictors of Learned Helplessness Among Average and Mildly Gifted Girls and Boys Attending Initial http://gcq.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/49/1/7 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: National Association for Gifted Children can be found at: Gifted Child Quarterly Additional services and information for http://gcq.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://gcq.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: http://gcq.sagepub.com/cgi/content/refs/49/1/7 Citations by Katherine Prammer on April 21, 2009 http://gcq.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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Numerous studies have confirmed that girls and women do not exhaust their achievement potential in the areas of mathematics, physics, and chemistry (a compre- hensive overview is given by Zorman & David, 2000). In comparison to boys, the indicators of maladaptive achievement behavior can be frequently ascertained among females. For example, they prefer the use of less favorable attributional styles (Betz & Fitzgerald, 1987; Ryckman & Peckham, 1987), have lower control percep- tions (Beerman, Heller, & Menacher, 1992), and express higher levels of anxiety (Colangelo & Assouline, 1995; Hannover, 1991). However, the most extreme expression of maladap- tive behavior is learned helplessness, whereby a relation- ship between one’s own actions and the results of these actions can no longer be perceived (Broome, 1998). Empirical studies have unanimously shown that such Predictors of Learned Helplessness Among Average and Mildly Gifted Girls and Boys Attending Initial High School Physics Instruction in Germany Albert Ziegler, Monika Finsterwald, Robert Grassinger University of Ulm, Germany ABSTRACT In mathematics, physics, and chemistry, women are still considered to be at a disadvantage. In the present study, the development of the symptoms of learned helplessness was of particular interest. A study involving average and mildly gifted 8th-grade boys and girls (top 6%) investigated whether girls, regard- less of ability level, experience helplessness in intro- ductory physics courses more intensely than their male counterparts. Contrary to current research findings, no particular disadvantages for gifted girls could be isolated. In total, 7 explanatory approaches to helplessness were examined by regression analysis: the talent deficit hypothesis, the prior physics knowledge deficit hypothesis, the self-confidence deficit hypothesis, the modification deficit hypothe- sis, the interest deficit hypothesis, the anxiety hypothesis, and the control deficit hypothesis. On the basis of these findings, approaches to assist in the development of interventions are suggested.
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2009 for the course EDP 300 taught by Professor West during the Spring '09 term at West Chester.

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7 - Gifted Child Quarterly http:/gcq.sagepub.com Predictors...

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