Ferro-Alloys - Oct. 1918 T H E J O U R N A L OF I N D U S T...

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Oct. . 1918 THE JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY 85 I hardened with any alloyed metal to make the pyrophoric alloy. When Baron Auer von Welsbach and his associates developed the pyrophoric alloy business, they did not form separate com- panies in each country, but centralized the manufacture of cer- ium and pyrophoric alloy in the Treibacher Chemische Gesell- schaft of Treibach, Austria (a part of the rare earth cartel or trust). As stated above, they established branches of this Aus- trian company, namely, the Treibacher Chemische Gesellschaft in England, France, Russia, United States, etc., for the purpose of alloying the metal to meet local requirements and selling the alloy. It was not until some time after the first attack on France that a pound of cerium was made anywhere in the world outside of the Central Powers so far as I 'can learn, and then From the foregoing it is seen that the New Process Metals Company developed the cerium business in America. From shortly after the start of thewar until the autumn of 1917 it was the only company in the world, outside of the Central Powers, making metallic cerium, and the pyrophoric alloy made from this product supplied the needs of the armies and civil popula- tions of Russia, France, England, South America, United States, etc. In this connection, it is interesting to note that the cerium lighters have been extensively used in the trenches, first because of the great scarcity of matches in Europe, and second because of the effect of dampness on matches We are glad to be able to say that for several years prior to 1918 we supplied the British and French armies with their requirements of pyrophoric alloy. such cerium was made by the New Process Metals Company, which company operates under our basic patent on metallic cerium. Therefore, to reiterate somewhat for the sake of clear- ness, until the start of the European war the pyrophoric alloy business of the world was operated as follows: The German and Austrian rare earth gas mantle cartel or trust turned over to the Treibacher Chemische Gesellschaft a large part of their cerium residues, which the Treibacher Com- Now this metal, we understand, is being made in France. The future of the pyrophoric metal business in this country is an interesting field for speculation. We hope to be able to maintain this business to some degree at least. Frankly, it is our potential ability to market our alloy in the form of lighters upon which we rely for the maintenance of our company and it is our hope that our lighter facilities will become so economical as to enable us to successfully meet Austrian competition after pany made into metallic cerium. This metallic cerium the Trei- bacher Company exported to its branches in France, England, United States, etc , which branches alloyed the metallic cerium the war. THE FERRO-ALLOYS with about 30 per cent of iron and other metals, and made the alloy into small pieces, selling these pieces of alloy to the manu- facturers of pocket lighters, miners' lamps, gas lighters, etc.
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Ferro-Alloys - Oct. 1918 T H E J O U R N A L OF I N D U S T...

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