Final Background Document for Ferroalloy Production

Final Background Document for Ferroalloy Production - i...

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Unformatted text preview: i BACKGROUND REPORT AP-42 SECTION 12.4 FERROALLOY PRODUCTION Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency OAQPS/TSD/EIB Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 1-103 Pacific Environmental Services, Inc. P.O. Box 12077 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 ii 919/941-0333 1-103 AP-42 Background Report TECHNICAL SUPPORT DIVISION U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY iii Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 This report has been reviewed by the Technical Support Division of the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, EPA. Mention of trade names or commercial products is not intended to constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. Copies of this report are available through the Library Services Office (MD-35), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711. iv TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2.0 INDUSTRY DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.2 PROCESS DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.3 EMISSIONS AND CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 REVIEW OF REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.5 REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.0 GENERAL EMISSION DATA REVIEW AND ANALYSIS PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.1 LITERATURE SEARCH AND SCREENING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2 EMISSION DATA QUALITY RATING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.3 EMISSION FACTOR QUALITY RATING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.4 REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 4.0 POLLUTANT EMISSION FACTOR DEVELOPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 4.1 CRITERIA POLLUTANT EMISSIONS DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 4.2 NONCRITERIA POLLUTION EMISSION DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 4.3 REVIEW OF SPECIFIC DATA SETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 4.4 DATA GAP ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 4.5 REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 v LIST OF TABLES TABLE 2.2-1: FERROALLOY PROCESSES AND RESPECTIVE PRODUCT GROUPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 TABLE 2.3-1. (METRIC): EMISSION FACTORS FOR PARTICULATE FROM SUBMERGED ARC FERROALLOY FURNACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 TABLE 2.3-1. (ENGLISH): EMISSION FACTORS FOR PARTICULATE FROM SUBMERGED ARC FERROALLOY FURNACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 TABLE 4.1-1 (METRIC): SIZE-SPECIFIC EMISSION FACTORS FOR TABLE 4....
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This note was uploaded on 10/08/2009 for the course CME MAT E 630 taught by Professor Dr. during the Fall '09 term at University of Alberta.

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Final Background Document for Ferroalloy Production - i...

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