FinalExamStudyGuideCLASSICS220

FinalExamStudyGuideCLASSICS220 - CLASSICS 220- STUDY GUIDE-...

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CLASSICS 220- STUDY GUIDE- FINAL EXAM Familiarity with the context and the significance of the following terms and names should be useful for the final exam. You may not ask the instructor or teaching assistants for the meaning or significance of these terms. However, you may ask a teaching assistant or the instructor about specific lecture material. You are encouraged to form study groups. The exam may also have material upon it that is not directly related to the following list. Therefore, students should also review their class notes. The majority of the test will be directly related to this list. Athena’s Epiphany ( Iliad Bk. 1) Prevents battle between Achilles and Agamemnon, was sent by Hera Trojan women pray to her Agamemnon says he will only return Chryseis only if Achilles will give Briseis back as compensation Agamemnon took Chryseis’ daughter, Apollo sends plague among Greeks (for Chryses) Hephaistos, the comic ( Iliad Bk. 1) Son of Hera (Hera is mad Zeus helps out Trojans) Hephaistos not to plunge gods into conflict over mortals Homeric similes Similes occur in the context of war scenes Elemental: (superhuman), describe something as force of nature o Men going to war, peaks of mountains, compared to dog star Animal: (subhuman), people acting like animals o Trojans compared to wilfouf (ducks/geese), lions (dangerous/fearless), no human feelings Botanical: (inhuman), people to plants or nature o Compared to plants, falling like a tree, kicks away like a log, man’s haed like a poppy (decapitated), marching like the wind Best of the Achaeans Funeral games held for Patroklos, unifies Achians, held by Achilles Contests in chariot racing, boxing, dueling End of the Iliad Hermes, escorts souls to underworld Niobe-lost all her sons and daughters (she still ate, so Achilles can as well) Burning the Acropolis Delian League 78, Formation, Greeks joined together because they were scared that the Persians will returen Treasury is moved to Athens, built up Athens using the money for fighting Perisians Thucydides’ views on the Trojan War Sided with Spartans
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Banished from Athens, upset from losing a battle General, exiled In response to Herodotus and Pelopenesian War, wrote Greatest Event of All Time (what people said/did, focus on recent history, fall of Athens) Magna Graecia Pythagorains came to Croton in Magna Graecia Taught aristocrats, secret society Peloponnesian War Real cause is not known, growth of power of Athens made war inevitable Athnian power-Sparta alarmed supports Oligarchies Athenian citizens 10% of Athenian gov’t rest were women, foreigners, crafters, laborers, did not own land polis, honor of dying in battle-reflection of lineage Aristocracy vs. Democracy Aristocracy-rule of the best, the few Democracy-rule of the people, the many (Athenians) City Dionysia Dionysis-god of wine, intoxication, ecstasy Tragedies performed
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FinalExamStudyGuideCLASSICS220 - CLASSICS 220- STUDY GUIDE-...

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