study guide for final anth1a

study guide for final anth1a - 1 anthropology 1 Developed...

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1. anthropology 1. Developed in 1800 in the shadow of colonialism. Study the customs of primitive cultures. Aim to understand humans, study them broadly. 2. Anthropology is distinguished from other social-science disciplines by its emphasis on cultural relativity , in-depth examination of context, and cross-cultural comparisons . 2. Fieldwork a. Enter into the society, methods, data, and ethics. Key method is b. Participant observation it is a mix of interviews and informal hanging out. Learn the language. Quantitative verse Quantitative c. Field Work is good to disprove universals. - Margret Mead The negative instance or the anthropological veto. 3. ethnography a. A book about a people’s life. Outsider can be a benefit or not. Outsiders can be childlike in their need for explanations. Gender and age have a great affect. Women can sometimes be easier to incorporate. Perspectives are clave. Elders vs. Adolescence 4. culture a. The way of life of people i. Practices ii. Make iii. Ideas b. Transgenerational c. It is continually reworked and created d. Partly shared yet different i. Subcultures of individuals, class, age, gender and religion 5. cultural relativism a. All cultural systems are inherently equal in value b. Each cultural item must be understood in the context of it’s own culture. (e.g. female genital mutilation.) c. Possibilities to reject parts of the definition. 6. medical anthropology methods to questions about health, illness and healing. Medical anthropologists conduct research in settings as diverse as rural villages and urban hospitals and clinics. 7. biomedicine a. Western medicine, cosmopolitan medicine b. The dominant form of ethnomedicine in the USA. c. Separate mind and body, body is the primary area of treatment d. Knowledge of medicine is based on objective facts that can be seen, tangible, scientific. e. Body is universally applicable. 8. ethnomedicine Helps to understand the human experience, why we all get sick, it gives reason, and makes it bearable. Understanding helps to make treatments more culturally appropriate. Other cultures don’t distinguish so much between mind and body. o Most illness get better o Actual mending of social fabric o Belief, impact on body 9. n/um -boiling, healing energy in the Ju used to heal people
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10. placebos Sugar pills or something similar that is believed to make someone better. They work. If people believe that sometime will make them healthy/ill it will. Maybe more in the mind than in the body 11. medicalization The act of interpreting a “social problem” and interpreting it as a physical disease requiring medicine as a quick fix 12. AIDS in the U.S. and Haiti AIDS is a much stigmatized disease. Associated with marginalized people, gay men, drug addicts, inner cities, African Americans, Haitians, etc. .
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2009 for the course ANTH 1A taught by Professor Auslander during the Spring '08 term at Brandeis.

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study guide for final anth1a - 1 anthropology 1 Developed...

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