Ch01-A-perfect gases

Ch01-A-perfect gases - CHM 341 Elementary Physical...

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Chapter 1: Perfect Gases CHM 341 Elementary Physical Chemistry Fall 2009 Ranko Richert
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Equation of state: n T p V n V T p , , of function , , of function = = area force pressure = on accelerati mass force × = A ma A F p = = 2 s m 81 . 9 gravity subject to mass × = = m mg F m g mv x -mv x Origin of pressure a gas exerts on a wall
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Boyle's law ) emperature constant t (at constant = pV
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Boyle's law ) emperature constant t (at 1 V p
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Boyle's law experiment ) emperature constant t (at 1 V p 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0 1 2 3 books volume 04 0 m L 12 7 m L 22 0 m L 31 7 m L p [# of books] 1 / V [mL] DATA Linear Fit 40 mL 27 mL 20 mL 17 mL
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pressure) constant (at T V Gay-Lussac's law Charles's law () pressure) constant (at 15 . 273 C V ° + θ
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olume) constant v (at T p Gay-Lussac's law Charles's law
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Gay-Lussac's law Charles's law ) constant at ( ) constant at ( V T p p T V Boyle's law ) constant (at 1 T V p Avogadro's principle ) , constant at ( T p n V perfect gas: nRT pV V nRT p = = R is called the 'gas constant'
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equation of state: ideal or perfect gas: nRT pV V nRT p = = or () n V T
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2009 for the course CHM 341 taught by Professor Richert during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Ch01-A-perfect gases - CHM 341 Elementary Physical...

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