RR1 - Wang 1 Kevin Wang 21318891 Section #117 Reader...

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Wang 1 Kevin Wang 21318891 Section #117 Reader Response: Race, Language, and Culture Boas, Franz. Race, Language and Culture . New York: The Free Press, 1940 Part 1 Keyword s: Racial Heredity, Intermingling (6), Biological degeneracy (7), anatomical form and function (7), mortality and migration (8), biology v. physiological/psychological (8), racially het- erogeneous v racially homogenous (16) Argument : The central argument which Boas presents within Race, Language and Cultures re- sponds to the seeming institutional and structural confinements Boas observes within the “ideo- logies” of race & culture. It is race, Boas argues, which has lead to the stratification and divi- sion of the human species within the creation of such conceptual groupings. Despite the intro- ductory focus upon physical appearance, Boas begins to draw the underlying similarities which exist between cultures to reveal the humans as a single species. In this sense, Boas comes to see the ideal of race existing solely to create a hierarchal structure. Both differences and similarities which exist between said “races” are attributed by Boas to the diffusion of humans. Thus, it is by race that social constructs and norms experience varying progression and development between cultures. Yet, Boas states, it is this unnecessary stratification that leads to the “infinite human struggle.” (Boas 16) As such, he rejects the claim of the racial construct and its claimed biological foundation by observing the biological similarities which exist beyond the scope of simple physical appearance. Understanding the similarities, Boas thus asserts race is created by its “social appeal in our society” (Boas 16) where by this fear to maintain the homogenous race to avoid degeneracy is upheld when in fact, Boas reveals, can lead to a greater result than any give “races.” Thus Boas conveys the created notion of race rather than a natural biological exist- ence. Structure : The structural context through which Boas presents his article Race, Language, and Culture, is one steeped within the inquiry and exploration into the ideology of races. Within his main address encompassing what he refers to as the “problems due to the intermingling of racial types,” (Boas 3) he observes the development of human behavior as a result of such divisions among the human species. Initially he begins by addressing the stereotypical view towards the description of race defining individuals based upon their physical characteristics. Providing the
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2009 for the course CHEM 3 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Aberystwyth University.

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RR1 - Wang 1 Kevin Wang 21318891 Section #117 Reader...

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