Agronomists Multiple Choice - TEST 27 sncnom 7 : s r at I...

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Unformatted text preview: TEST 27 sncnom 7 : s r at I Time ——30 minutes i 38 Questions Directions: Each sentencebelow has one or two blanks, 5. Politeness is not a attribute of human each blank indicating that something has been omitted. behavior, but rather a central virtue, one Beneath the sentence are five lettered words or sets of whose very existence is increasingly being words. Choose the word or set of words for each blank by the faddish requirement to “speak that H fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. one’s mind." (A) superficial. .threatened l. Agronomists are increasingly worried about “desert- (B) pervasive. .undercut ification,” the phenomenon that is turning many of (C) worthless. .forestalled the world’s fields: and pastures into 7 (D) Precious. .repudiated wastelands, unable to support the people living on (E) trivial. .affected them. 'V ‘ (A)-. fertile. .barrcn I 6. The painting was larger than it appeared to be, for, (B) productive. .bloommg ' hanging ina darkened recess of the chapel, h was . ‘ ‘ '(C) 'rarid.'.thriving '——-— by the perspective. ‘ (D) poorest. .marginal (E) largest. .saturated (A) improved \ V (B) aggrandized . (C) embellished __2.0ldJ3eliefstic.hardz--even.whenjobs became ,.-.--.. -(D)_jeopardiz¢d__ ............ .. __, the long-standing fear that unemployment could (E) diminished .retum at a moment’s notice (A) vacant. .perished 7. Because folk art is neither completely rejected nor -_.—— .g_.—(B)~ea51er.--.changed A 7- ~ 4 '-- accepted as an art form byart historians; their final (C) plentiful. .perststed evaluations of it nwessarily remain ——----. (D) protected. .subsided (E) available. .receded (A) arbitrary (B) estimable (C) orthodox . 3. Intellectual and flight from boredom have (D) unspoken caused him to rush pell-mell into situations that less (E) equivocal 4 —--'spirits might hesitate to approach. (A) restlessness. .adventurous (B) agitation..passive (C) resilience. .quiescent ('D) tranquillity. .versatile ' 't ..1 th ' (E) cums” ° “9° GOON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 4. Science advances in —— spiral in that each new conceptual scheme the phenomena explained by its predecessors and adds to those explanations. (A) a discontinuous . . . decries (B) a repetitive. .vitiates r (C) a widening. .embraces (D) an anomalous. .captures (E) an explosive. .questions 1048 (5) ' (10) ' (is) t 1 Directions: Each passage in this group is followed by questions based on its content. Afterreadirig a passage, choose the best answer to each question. Answer all questions following a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage. . ' Many critics of Emily Bronté’s novel Wuthering Heights see its second part as a counterpoint that comments on, if it does not reverse, the first part, where a “romantic” reading receives more confirmation. Seeing the two parts as a whole is encouraged by the novel’s sophisticated structure, revealed in its complex use of narrators and time shifts. Granted that the presence of these elements need not argue an authorial awareness of novelistic construction comparable to that of Henry James, their presence does encourage attempts to unify the novel’s heterogeneous parts. However, any interpretation that seeks to unify all of the novel’s diverse elements is bound to be somewhat unconvincing. This'is not because such an interpretation necessarily . stiffens into a thesis (although rigidity in any interpreta- tion of this or of any novel is always a danger), but because Wuthering Heights has recalcitrant elements of undeniable power that, ultimately, resist inclusion _.___inanall-encompassing interpretation.- In this respect, Wuthering Heights shares a feature of Hamlet. 17. According to the passage, which of the following is - ~ a true statement about the first and second pans of Wuthering Heights? (A) The second part has received more attention from critics. (B) The second part has little relation to the first part. (C) The second part annuls the force of the first part. (D) The second part provides less substantiation for a “romantic” reading. (E) The second part is better because it is more realistic. 18. Which of the following inferences about Henry J ames’s awareness of novelistic construction is best supported by the passage? (A) James, more than any other novelist, was aware of the difficulties of novelistic construction. (B) James was very aware of the details of novel- istic construction. ' (C) J ames’s awareness of nOvelistic construction derived from his reading of Bronte. (D) J ames‘s awareness of novelistic construction has led most commentators to see unity in his individual navels. (E) James’s awareness of novelistic construction precluded him from violating the unity of his novels. 1050 19. 20. The author of the passage Would be most likely to agree that an interpretation of a novel should (A) ' (B) (C) not try to unite heterogeneons elements in the a novel _ - , . not be inflexible in- its treatment of the elementr in the novel not argue that the complex use of narrators or of time shifts indicates a sophisticated struc- ture (D) concentrate on those recalcitrant elements of the novel that are outside the novel’s main structure .primarily consider those elements of novelistic construction of which the author of the novel was aware ‘ (E) The author of the passage suggests which of the following about Hamlet? "A ‘I.’ Hamlet’has usually attracted critical iiiterpreta- tions that tend to stiffen into theses. ll. Hamlet has elements that are not amenable to an all-encompassing critical interpretation. lll, Hamlet is less open‘to’an allaencompassing critical interpretation than is Wuthering Heights. lV. Hamlet has not received a critical interpretation that has been widely accepted by readers. (A) lonly (B) 11 only (C) I and IV only (D) Ill and IV only (E) l, ll, and Ill only GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. The determination of the sources of copper ore used in the manufacture of copper and bronze artifacts of Bronze Age civilizations would add greatly to our knowledge of cultural contacts and trade in that era. Researchers have analyzed artifacts and ores for their 21. The primary purpose of the passage is to (A) discuss the techniques of analyzing lead isotope composition (B) propose a way to determine the origin. of “the copper in certain artifacts concentrations of elements, but for a variety of reasons, _- these studies have generally failed to provide evidence of the sources of the copper used in the objects. Elemental (C) resolve a dispute concerning the analysis of copper ore composition can vary within the same copper-ore lode, usually because of varying admixtures of other elements. especially iron, lead, zinc, and‘arsenic. And high con- centrations of cobalt or zinc, noticed in some artifacts. appear in a variety of copper-ore sources. Moreover, the processing of ores introduced poorly controlled changes in the concentrations of minor and trace ele- ments in the resulting metal. Some elements evaporate during smelting and roasting; different temperatures and processes produce different degrees of loss. Finally. flux. which is sometimes added during smelting to remove waste material from the ore. could add quanti- ties of elements to the final product. . An elemental property that is unchanged through these chemical processes is the isotopic composition of each metallic element in the ore. Isotopic composition, the percentages of the different isotopes of an element [Q [0 (D) describe the deficiencies of a currently used method of chemical analysis of certain metals (E) offer an interpretation of the archaeological record of the Bronze Age . The author first mentions the addition of flux during smelting (lines 18-21) in order to , , \ (A) give a reason for the failure of elemental. composition studies to determine ore sources (B) illustrate differences between various Bronze Age civilizations (C) 'show the need for using high smelting tempera— tures (D) illustrate the uniformity of lead isotope compo-. Sition ’ ' (E) explain the success of copper isotope composi- in a given sample of the element, is therefore particularly “on analysis suitable as an indicator of the sources of the ore. Of course, for this purpose it is necessary to find an element * whose isotopic composition is more or less constant 33- The 3Uth°r SuggeSts WhiCh 0f the fouowmg abom 3 throughout a given ore body, but varies from one copper Bronze Age Mira“ containing high Conanu‘afions ore body to another or, at least, from one geographic °fc9bak 0" Zine? region to another. The ideal choice, when isotopic composition is uSed to investigate the source of copper ore, would seem to be copper itSelf. It has been shown that small but measurable variations occur'nattirally in the isotopic composition of copper. However, the variations are large enough only in rare ores; between samples of the common are minerals of copper, isotopic variations greater than the measurement error have not been found. An alternative choice is lead, which occurs in most copper and bronze artifacts of the Bronze Age in amounts consistent with the lead being derived from the copper ores and possibly from the fluxes. The isotopic composition of lead often varies from one source of common copper ore to another, with varia- tions exceeding the measurement error, and preliminary studies indicate virtually uniform isotopic composition of the lead from a single copper-ore source. While some of the lead found in anartifact may have been introduced from flux or when other metals were added to the copper ore, lead so added in Bronze Age processing would usually have the same isotopic compo- sition as the lead in the copper ore. Lead isotope studies may thus prove useful for interpreting the archaeological record of the Bronze Age. (A) It could not be reliably tested for its elemental composition. (B) It could not be reliably tested for its copper _ isotope composition. , h , ,._ ,._. (C) It could not be reliably tested for its lead , isotope composition. (D) It could have been manufactured from ore from any one of a variety of sources. (E) It could have been produced by the addition of other metals during the processing of the copper ore. ‘ ‘ ' GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 1051 24. 25. According to the passage, possible sources of the lead found in a copper or bronze artifact include ' which of the following? I. The copper ore used to manufacture the artifact II. Flux added during prooessing of the copper ore III. Other metal added during processing of the copper ore ' ' (A) Ionly (B) II only (C) III only (D) II and III only (E) I. II, and III The author rejects copper as the “ideal choice" mentioned in line 33 because ' . (A) the concentration of copper in Bronze Age artifacts varies ' (B) elements other than copper may be introduced during smelting (C) the isotopic composition of copper .__._.~-» ..changes duringsmelting- c _.. . .. .. n..— (D) among common copper ores, differences in copper isotope composition are too small 7 (E), within a single source of copper ore, If. copper isotope composition can vary substantially 26. 27. 1052 ‘ x The author makes which of the following statements about lead isotope composition? (A) It often varies from one copper-ore source to another. (B) It sometimes varies over short distances in ' a single copper-ore sourceziar?" (C) It can-vary during the‘testingwo'f artifacts, producing a measurement error. (D) It frequently changes during smelting and roasting. (E) It may change when artifacts are buried for thousands of years. It can be inferred from the passage that the use of flux in processing copper ore can alter the \ lead isotope composition of the resulting metal EXCEPT when (A) there is a smaller concentration of lead in the flux than in the copper ore (B) the concentration of lead in the flux is equivalent to that of the lead in the ore (CY—sorn—e 3f the lead iiithe'flui cyaporates ‘ ' during processing (D) any lead in the flux has the same isotopic composition as the lead in the ore (E) other metals are added during prOCessing GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. ...
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Agronomists Multiple Choice - TEST 27 sncnom 7 : s r at I...

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