02.02.institutions

02.02.institutions - BUEC 280 Lecture 4 Canadian Labour...

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  Prof. Simon D. Woodcock BUEC 280 Lecture 4 Canadian Labour Market Institutions
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  Prof. Simon D. Woodcock Labour Market Institutions Labour market is more highly regulated than most Regulations have two major goals: Protecting rights of workers and firms Protecting well-being of workers Issues we’ll discuss today:  Jurisdiction (who is responsible for what) Employment standards EI Unions
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  Prof. Simon D. Woodcock Jurisdiction The British North America Act (1867) and the Constitution  Acts (1867, 1982) define the jurisdiction (authority) of various  levels of government in Canada. BNA Act defines  industries  over which the federal government  has the authority to legislate. Interprovincial and national industries (federal government,  railways, airlines, banks, grain, shipping, communications,  military, etc.) Canadian Labour Code legislates employment standards and  labour relations practices for these industries (small  percentage of total employment). Jurisdiction of all other industries delegated to provinces.
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  Prof. Simon D. Woodcock Provincial Jurisdiction Provinces have jurisdiction over employment in most  industries. They can legislate regarding: Employment standards: treatment of workers, working hours  (overtime, maximums), severance pay, vacation pay,  minimum wages Labour organization: how hard/easy it is for workers to  unionize, what unions may bargain over, how disputes are  resolved LOTS of variation across provinces, and over time Territories are under federal jurisdiction, but many powers  have been delegated to territorial governments.
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  Prof. Simon D. Woodcock Paying for it … Both provincial and federal governments can levy 
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02.02.institutions - BUEC 280 Lecture 4 Canadian Labour...

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