PP4 Diabetes - Diabetes mellitus The taste test Diabetes =...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Diabetes mellitus The taste test Diabetes = lot of urine Mellitus = sweet The three P’s: symptom’s of untreated diabetes Polyuria: excessive urination Polydipsia: excessive thirst Polyphagia: excessive hunger
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
How does this work? Normal blood glucose-insulin-glucagon relationship Relationship in diabetes Why does blood glucose rise? Glycemic index Glycemic load
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Figure 5.12 Why same slope here? Fasting, normal Fasting, high Slope and Amplitude . Post test, high Post test, normal
Image of page 4
Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Glycemic Index : the ratio of the blood glucose response to a given food compared to a standard (glucose or white bread), under ideal conditions Glycemic Load: takes into account both the glycemic index of a food and the number of grams of carbohydrate Eg. For a serving of vanilla wafers with 15 g of carbs and a glycemic index of 77 , the Glycemic Load is (77 x 15) ÷ 100 = 12
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hi GI + Hi carb content Int GI + lower carb content
Image of page 6
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Questions What might happen if you consume a food with high glycemic index and low glycemic load? – think of hard candy What might happen if you consume a food with high glycemic index AND high glycemic load? – blood glucose levels rise a lot and quickly What might happen if you consume a food with a low glycemic index and high glycemic load? Is this possible?
Image of page 8
Figure 5.12 Why same slope here? Fasting, normal Fasting, high Slope and Amplitude . Post test, high Post test, normal
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Figure 5.11
Image of page 10
Regulation of Blood Glucose “Fasting” glucose levels measured a few hours after a meal is eaten Normal range: 70 – 110 mg/dl > 110 mg/dl < 170 mg/dl : Pre-diabetic Hyperglycemia: > 170 mg/dl Glucose in urine Hunger, thirst Weight loss Hypoglycemia: < 40 –50 mg/dl Nervous, irritable Hungry Headache
Image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Blood Glucose Control Role of the liver Regulates glucose that enters bloodstream Role of the pancreas Release of insulin Release of glucagon Maintain Homeostasis
Image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern