PP7 Atherosclerosis

PP7 Atherosclerosis - Facts on Heart Disease One of the top...

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Facts on Heart Disease One of the top 2 causes of deaths in the US - neck and neck with cancer until just last month 27% of all deaths Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) causes 68% of all heart related deaths 47% of heart related deaths occur before any emergency medical help can be obtained Cost us more than $300 billion in 2005
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Would you recognize a heart attack?
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Would you recognize a heart attack? Symptoms of a heart attack can include: * Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone * Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat, or arm * Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn) * Sweating, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness * Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath * Rapid or irregular heartbeats Symptoms sustained for 30 minutes or more, not relieved by rest or oral medication, can be progressive
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What about just heart disease? Major symptom : Angina - chest pain - discomfort, heaviness, pressure, aching, burning, fullness, squeezing, or painful feeling in your chest. It can be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn Other symptoms of coronary artery disease include: * Shortness of breath * Palpitations (irregular heart beats, skipped beats, or a "flip-flop" feeling in your chest) * A faster heartbeat * Weakness or dizziness * Nausea * Sweating
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What does it mean if you have. . Unyielding fatigue Shortness of breath Nausea or indigestion Back or abdominal pain An odd unwell feeling
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Types of cardiovascular disease Cardiovascular disease Coronary heart disease Strokes Deep vein thrombosis (& pulmonary embolism): Thrombus = clot, embolism = blockage due to circulating object, usually a clot Aneurysm Congenital heart disease Valve disease Inadequate pumping Cardiomyopathy Viral myocarditis Heart rhythm disorders
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Coronary Heart Disease Symptoms take years to develop Plaque build-up can begin in childhood All plaques do not lead to heart attacks Early stages of plaque formation can be reversed (partially) or progression halted This is an oversimplification CHD or CVD is not the same as a heart attack
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Atherosclerosis (Athero=paste + sclerosis= hardness) Result: Heart attack, stroke, gangrene Atherostenosis (Narrowing of blood vessels)
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How heart disease develops Injury Invasion of LDL Development of plaque from early plaque Rupture Clot
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PP7 Atherosclerosis - Facts on Heart Disease One of the top...

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