Final Terms - UCSB Prof. Robert Rauchhaus PS 121:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UCSB Prof. Robert Rauchhaus PS 121: INTERNATIONAL POLITICS Part I: Short Answer Questions (50% of exam). The instructor will randomly choose five IDs. For each ID, provide a short answer that (1) defines the concept, (2) states its significance, and (3) provides a critical appraisal (e.g. briefly discuss the concepts weaknesses or shortcomings). Cite relevant readings whenever possible. 1. The English School 1) Concept: [Article—Headly Bull] English School is also known as “English Realism.” States are moving towards and International Society and International Law is the reason that states will not go to war. It focuses on a “society of states” focusing on valuing common norms. Holistic, overall view… we are social creatures, stop thinking about units/organization and start thinking about SOCIETY. “Society of states” looks at norm, principles and international law which is indigenized overtime. The English School is liberal and idealist—it has a materialist ontology focusing on international structure but also looks at the non physical factors (idealism)—sprit and common international norms. English school is pessimistic—there is anarchy—the “Kantians” will never get everything they want…i.e. world government—so instead expand common values (All cultures believe in the “Golden Rule”). 2) Significance: Non- American Contribution to IR theory—It combines the assumptions of Realism and Idealism; It is a 3 rd perspective and assumes that there should be a society of states focused on commonality and the Golden Rule. Like Mueller [idealist] but more pessimistic and recognizes anarchy and European-based exportation of the system of euro-like nation states. It is significant because it recognizes that even with a realist base; there is an answer to the anarchic system. If we look for commonality within the system, new social order can be established. Does not advocate for a world government, but world behavior change. 3) Critical Appraisal: The critique comes from Hobbs—It is impossible to have a structured international system that is based upon common norms and values in which everyone is cooperative because States are unitary actors. The English school is not very good at predicting or explaining. 2. Neo-Liberal Institutionalism 1) Definition: Represented by the “third leg” of the Kantian tripod. (Kohane argues) It is focused on creating peace and cooperation through international
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
organizations. NLI recognizes that the world is anarchic and because of this they are needed to create cooperation, to overcome the collective action problem and to establish peace and security. The potential for conflict is overstated by realist and suggests that there are counter forces such as repeated interactions that propel states towards cooperation. This school of thought fuses liberalism and rational choice. It believes the realist structural claim that the system is anarchy, but believes in progress and change. The creation of international regimes (principles,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/12/2009 for the course POLY SCI 121 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

Page1 / 14

Final Terms - UCSB Prof. Robert Rauchhaus PS 121:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online