Lecture 8_PS 121

Lecture 8_PS 121 - P S 121 Lecture 8 Understanding the...

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Unformatted text preview: P S 121 Lecture 8_ 4/22/09 Understanding the distribution of POWER and capabilities is essential to understanding i nternational relations: Realism: • Uni-Polari ty—extra parties, the more parties, the more stable o Robert Gilpin (Political Economist): Hegemony—a state so powerful that i t establishes a higherarchy—in order for the international economy to f unction well you must have one hegemonic power. • • Grounded in 1st i mage Power= end in i tself Neo-Realism: • • • • • Bi-Polarity—more stable (why the Cold War is thought of as the “Long Peace”) Supposed to be scientific/not normative Grounded in 3rd i mage (Waltz) Power= means to the end Defensive Realist : States need to have maximum security, defensive—they are not out to dominate (Waltz—not offering theories of foreign policy, just systemic) • Dominate Realists: All states want to dominate (Mershimer, “Tragedy of G reat Powers”) • Neo-Classical Realism: Neo-Realists that are t rying to bring back 2nd and 1st i mage (mostly 2nd i mage)—interested in foreign policy • ...
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