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Unformatted text preview: o Self fulfilling prophecies o Trash-can theory of learning • The Deterrence Model—if you see someone behaving badly you need to issue a sharp bold threat that keeps that status quo in place • Spiral Model—if someone is behaving badly and u issue a really strong threat they will one-up you and then you have to one-up them and that will eventually lead to war • Cognitive Dissonance: o Cognitive dissonance is a state of imbalance between cognitions (i.e. attitudes, emotions, beliefs or values) o The existence of dissonance being psychologically uncomfortable will motivate the person to try to reduce dissonance and achieve consonance. o When dissonance is present, in addition to trying to reduce it, the person will actively avoid situations and information which would likely increase dissonance. • PETA Example Bureaucratic Politics:...
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- Spring '08