147_3.10notes

147_3.10notes - Origins of ethnic conflict o o Social...

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Origins of ethnic conflict o Social Structures o Cross cutting cleavages: when interests are distributed across different groupings of people, individuals will have multiple and sometimes conflicting interests. o Implication of cross cutting cleavages: when interests are distributed across different grouping of people individuals will have multiple and sometimes conflicting interests No permanent majority exists, shifting majorities across issues Winners on an issue might lose on another issue reflecting a different cleavage Tolerance of difference will tend to be greater ( when people separate themselves and don’t interact with other groups the tolerance level is much less) o Polarizing Cleavages Political coalitions do not vary depending on the issue. Members of a coalition share similar interests across a wide variety of issues Isolation from social interaction with members of other groups tends to increase mutual suspicion and the potential for misunderstanding- (The KURDS!) Racial epithets- dehumanizing the enemy May create permanent majorities of winners and zero sum conflict on issues also permanent minorities- It is a dangerous situation when there is an ethnic majority likely to lead to violence o Additional factors affecting the likelihood social cleavages will result in conflict Limited number of ethnic groups with one in a permanent majority
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Rigid ethnic boundaries (for example consistent physical differences or
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147_3.10notes - Origins of ethnic conflict o o Social...

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