Lecture 3_RS116B

Lecture 3_RS116B - RS116B Lecture 3_4/7/09 Jewish History,...

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RS116B Lecture 3_4/7/09 Jewish History , continued After the Romans destroyed the Jewish temple-the Jews believed that their temple was going to be rebuilt (normally the Romans rebuilt temples because they did not want to anger the peoples gods—but the Romans did not recognize the Jewish God as a “god”) Temple was destroyed by Titus (Vespasian was his father, Domitian was his brother) – Flavians 96 сє —Nerva came to power Jews believed that he would rebuild their temple; He was the first of the 5 good emperors. Arch of Titus 129 сє —Hadrian declared circumcision illegal (criminal offence/mutilating the body— the Greeks did not understand it as a fulfillment of a command by God but instead a mutilation to the beautiful body) In 135 Hadrian restores Jerusalem as a pagan city it becomes Aelia Copitolina (dedicated to the copitolina gods) Bar kochba Revolt 132-135 сє —Jews rise up against the Romans, unsuccessful ( Bar kochba : “sun of the star”—he was proclaimed the messiah by Rabbi Aquiba. After Bar kochba was captured and killed was then called “son of the lie”) this revolt marks a point where the history of the Christian and Jews issues with Rome becomes separate issues. It lasted 3 years, they minted their own coins with the Ark of the Covenant on them
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Lecture 3_RS116B - RS116B Lecture 3_4/7/09 Jewish History,...

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