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Lecture 5_RS 116B

Lecture 5_RS 116B - RS 116B Lecture_5 Readings are on the...

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Unformatted text preview: RS 116B Lecture_5 4/14/09 Readings are on the website Print up map of the Roman Empire 2 nd C. PERSECUT ION In the 2 nd c. there were no “round ups” of Christians Roman Criminal Law • Criminal law is a catastrophe-the punishment is up to the official, based on their own prejudices. • Capitol offenses—had to be t ried by a Roman Official (who killed Jesus?— Roman officials, had to have the status of a provincial governor (legates) • City of Rome— Prefect of the city who could t ry a Capitol case (Christianity was a Capitol offense) o Example: Paul (Acts 18)—goes in front of GALIO (brother of Seneca—stoic philosopher) who decides not to hear the case or accept the charge and Paul is let free, he thought it was an issue that should just concern the Jews o Roman criminal law required a 3 rd party accuser— DE LATOR (citizen’s arrest—roman state NOT a police state) o Idea the Christians were “rounded up” is untrue—someone from your own community that knew you were a Christian had to bring up the charge— this is before the 250’s 250s—first empire wide Exception 177 French city of Lyon—the martyrs of Lyon (Eusebius wrote about in 320’s) o If the accuser could not provide sufficient information then they will be charged for the same thing and be put to death accusations cannot be anonymous, you have to have community support The incentive for the accuser—the entire property of the convicted Christian would be given to the accuser • Early martyrs: were bishops of communities, so the Christianity could not be denied o Polycarp—Smyrna (Izmir) o Ignatius—Antioch (Antakya in modern Turkey) o Origen—offered himself up to be a martyr (180) but he was not martyred and he went on to write 800 works. He became a scholar because when his father was martyred at 17 they took away all of his property.father was martyred at 17 they took away all of his property....
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Lecture 5_RS 116B - RS 116B Lecture_5 Readings are on the...

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