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Lecture 8_RS116B

Lecture 8_RS116B - RS116B Lecture 8 Effect of Greek...

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RS116B Lecture 8_4/23/09 Effect of Greek Philosophy of the development of Christianity—Gnosticism comes out of Greek Philosophy What is Greek Philosophy?—trying to figure out what the order of the universe is and how to conform to it Plato (5 th c. BCE) Metaphysics (teachings of Plato used to understand metaphysics—the gods, the unknown) Universe is good, gods are part of it—since the gods are part of the universe they are immanence (within the natural order) o You can understand the gods with just your mind and senses Opposite of immanence—God=Transcendent (Monotheistic traditions) o Always the possibility that the universe will seem not good because it is different then God o You can’t understand God by thinking about nature—Philosophy for the Greeks was thinking—so how is truth given without thinking? REVELATION (revealed truth)— philosophy will not get you far enough, you must have the grace of revelation 1) Metaphysical (beyond nature) Dualism (two): Platonic world is divided between the physical world (that you can grasp with your senses) and the “intelligible world” (you grasp with your mind) o Reality is what you can grasp with your mind—the mental world does not change This is the object of knowledge Math “Intelligent World”—thought images and forms o The physical world is just the shadow—it is the world of change For Plato things that are always changing you cannot really know—you can only have opinions
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