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PS 1 Reading Questions

PS 1 Reading Questions - PS 1 Reading Questions Week 1...

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PS 1 Reading Questions: Week 1 Questions: Aristotle, Politics 1) What is the significance of Aristotle's claim that nature makes nothing in a niggardly or miserly spirit for his analysis of politics? The "nature" that Aristotle speaks of is in a sense the "supreme being" the one who is and creates all. And thus in this creation even the smallest of things have a sense and a purpose, they have some way of relating to each other, building upon each other and relating to the world as a whole, there is not one thing that was created without a purpose. Relating this to politics, Aristotle makes it clear that every single person-since they are the supreme being over the remainder of the universe have a place in the government, there is no one that does not matter or does not count, however small or lowly they may be deemed in societies mind- it is not a universe or world of politics that is made out of only one kind of person or leader but many. Every person is basically the same for they differ from everything else in the world but they are also incredibly and uniquely different and it is these differences that form up politics, for not one ruler will rule just as the last did, not one peasant will act just like the other ect ect., 2) What does it mean to say, "all things derive their essential character from their function"? What is the function of language in human life? How does language differ from the expression of pleasure and pain? Everything on earth has a purpose, and their character; their way of acting their way of living is subsequently defined by this purpose or function- for without that defined function they would not be as they are. The function of language in human life is to separate man from beast, it is not the only defining factor that separates them, but it is the most evidently vocal and useful. For without the form of language or communication governments would not be formed, relationships would not be built or maintained. Other species have their own form of speech- but it is in no way as complex or detailed as human kind and thus is not truly considered to be language. Though from the beginning of existence language has changed, and it is different in all parts of the world today, the basic fact remains the same that without language there is no progress "the power of speech is intende4 to set forth the expedient and inexpedient. and therefore likewise the just and the unjust. And it is a characteristic of man that he alone has any sense of good and evil, of just and unjust. and the like, and the association of living beings who have this sense makes a family and a state." Speech is an
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expression of pleasure and pain for all species-but language is not in vain and is more then a declaration of the feelings of pleasure or pain and thus language was gifted to only one species-human kind.
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