POS 498 – Notes - Realist theories of International RelationsAnarchyMultiple meanings of anarchy:Anarchy as a lack of order: Implies chaos and disorder. Realists do not accept this.4Strong sense: Hedley Bull defined order in a strong sense as “a pattern of activity that sustains the elementary or primary goals of a society of states or international society.” International relations does not exist in a vacuum; there is a common framework of rules and institutions that guide international practice. “Extra-territoriality” is a norm that is universally acknowledged (embassies are small parts of their mother country beyond their borders). Stamps, for instance, are universally recognized even though they originate in a sovereign country. Exists at the international level; cannot be anarchy.5Weak sense: Predictable patterns of behavior. Exists at the international level; cannot be anarchy.Anarchy as a lack of government6A monopoly on the legitimate use of force: foundational definition of a fundamental element of government. Monopoly extends inside the state as
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