Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Dyadic relationships- the...

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Chapter 13 Dyadic relationships - the relationships that develop between two people Interpersonal attraction The study of attraction or liking between two or more people Propinquity Nearness or proximity in physical space, which creates the opportunity to meet another person Spatial ecology The physical layout of buildings and the distance separating different buildings, rooms, and other spaces Functional distance Compared to physical distance, the closeness between two places in terms of the opportunities for interaction - ebbesen, Kjos and Konecni suggest that propinquity could just as easily produce disliking for your neighbor as is could good friendship Attitude-similarity effect The idea that people find others more attractive and likeable the more similar they are in their attitudes, beliefs, and preferences - Jones, Pelham, and colleges found out that people are more likely to marry someone whose first or last name is similar to their own. - Liking leads to perceived similarity - Rosenbaum: its not so much that we are attracted to similar others, but rather that we are repulsed by dissimilar others Repulsion hypothesis The idea that people find others less attractive and less likeable if they differ substantially in their attitudes, beliefs, and preferences Self-disclosure The process of people revealing to one another increasingly personal and intimate details about themselves - People who self disclose are better liked - High disclosures are willing to reveal intimate personal information to just about anyone, but the low disclosers were more comfortable revealing intimate personal details to partners who had good rather than poor open abilities - Women rate male faces as more attractive when those face features prominent cheekbone, large chin, and wide smile. Women also should a preference for male
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faces in which the height of the yes does not deviate too far from average - Men like women with large eyes, small nose and chin, prominent cheekbones, high eyebrows, large pupils and a large smile Average faces are attractive faces - 1. Evolutionary pressures and natural selection generally favor average rather than extreme population features. 2. Starting at infancy, people routinely form prototypes or cognitive schemas that capture the central or average features. - Female figures were judged as more attractive when they exhibit a low rather than high waist- to- hip ratio. (.7) - Men are better looking when waist-to- hip is closer to 1. o Behave more dominantly and were rated as more leader-like in all male group discussion that men with smaller waist-to-hip ratio… but this only occurred when a women was present - Symmetrical faces are the preference across all cultures and even infants prefer - Women with attractive faces experience fewer health problems than women with unattractive faces What is beautiful is good- the inference that attractive people possess other desirable traits and abilities in addition to their good looks Study: Rubin assembled four unfamiliar seven-year-olds together in a room and observed
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2009 for the course MIT 2000 taught by Professor Da during the Spring '09 term at Acadia.

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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Dyadic relationships- the...

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