Chapter nine

Chapter nine - Chapter nine Thought Language and intelligence The nature and structure of language There are three critical properties that are

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Chapter nine Thought, Language and intelligence The nature and structure of language - There are three critical properties that are essential to language: symbolic, structure, generative - Displacement - the capacity of language to represent objects and conditions that are not physically present Surface structure and deep structure - surface structure - consists of the ways symbols are combined within a given language. The rules for such combinations are called the syntax of language - deep structure - refers to the underlying meaning of the combined symbols. The rules for connecting the symbols to what they represent are known as semantics - the rules for both deep and surface structure are both stored in long- term memory - when we recall something we are likely to retrieve it from long-term memory Language from the bottom up - has a hierarchial structure - sentence phrase words Morphemes Phonemes - Phonemes are the smallest unites of sound that are recongnized as separate in a given language o we use about 46 phonmemes; although we are capably of producing several hundred - phonemes are combined into morphemes which are the smallest units of meaning in language o can be prefixs or suffixes o hat, sick, tel o phonmemes can create over 100, 000 morphemes biological foundation - between ages one and three months infants vocalize the entire range or phonemes. This is called
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2009 for the course MIT 2000 taught by Professor Da during the Spring '09 term at Acadia.

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Chapter nine - Chapter nine Thought Language and intelligence The nature and structure of language There are three critical properties that are

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