chapter15 - Chapter 15 Stress coping and health Stress...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 15 Stress, coping, and health Stress - eliciting stimuli or events that place strong demands on us - These situations are called stressors - Stress can be viewed as a: o Stimulus (I have 3 exams this week) o A response (having cognitive and physiological and behavioral components) e.g. im feeling all stressed out; presence of negative emotion o Combination of stimulus and response. Stress is viewed as a person- situation interaction or a transaction between the organism and the environment. Stress- is a pattern of cognitive appraisal, physiological responses, and behavior tendencies that occurs in response to a perceived imbalance between the situational demands and the resources needed to cope with them Different levels of stress: - Micro stressors- daily hassle - Catastrophic events- unexpected and involve large amounts of people (natural disasters - Major negative events- death, illness, requires major adoption The life event scale - quantify the amount of life stress that a person has experienced over a given period of time The starting point is the appraisal of the situation; there are four aspects: 1. Demands of the situation (primary appraisal) Primary appraisal- the initial appraisal of a situation as benign, irrelevant, or threatening; as a perception of the severity of the demand 2. Resources available to cope with it (secondary) Secondary appraisal- appraising your perceived ability to cope with the situation and the resources available to help you deal with it - Coping resources include: knowledge, ability, verbal skills, social resources 3. Potential consequences 4. Personal meaning Chronic Stress and GAS General adoption syndrome (GAS)- physiological response pattern to strong and prolonged sensors - Consists of three phases: - Alarm reaction - occurs because of sudden activation of the sympathetic nervous system and the release of stress hormones by the endocrine system - Resistance- the adrenal glands release epinephrine, nonepinephrine, and cortisol to maintain increased arousal - Exhaustion- The adrenal glands lose their ability to function normally, bodies
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
resources are dangerously depleted, vulnerable to disease Rape trauma syndrome- for months to years after rape, victims may feel nervous and may fear another attack by the rapist; decreases enjoyment of sex Neuroticism- personality trait that involves the tendency to experience high levels of negative affect and to behave in self- defeating ways Vulnerability factors-
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/12/2009 for the course MIT 2000 taught by Professor Da during the Spring '09 term at Acadia.

Page1 / 5

chapter15 - Chapter 15 Stress coping and health Stress...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online