Tourism Mid Term Study Guide.docx - Mid Term Information Domestic and International Tourism 32 Questions Multiple Choice 8 Short Answer \u2013 Must get all

Tourism Mid Term Study Guide.docx - Mid Term Information...

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Mid Term Information - Domestic and International Tourism 32 Questions Multiple Choice 8 Short Answer – Must get all of the correct for credit Professor Whitley FDU 1. What is tourism? The entire world industry of travel, hotels, transportation, and all other components, including promotion, that serves the needs and wants of travelers. Tourism today has been given new meaning and is primarily a term of economics referring to an industry. (2) Within a nation (political subdivision or transportation-centered economic area of contiguous nations), the sum total of tourist expenditures within their borders is referred to as the nation’s tourism or tourist industry and is thus ranked with other national industries. More important than just the total monetary product value of tourism is its role in the balance of trade. Here tourism earnings from foreigners truly represent an export industry. Tourism is an ‘‘invisible’’ export. 2. What are the four components that would make up tourism? Tourist: A person who travels from place to place for nonwork reasons. By the United Nations’ definition, a tourist is someone who stays for more than one night and less than a year. Business and convention travel are included. This thinking is dominated by balance-of-trade concepts. Military personnel, diplomats, immigrants, and resident students are not tourists. Natural Environment: Any given destination is primarily and unchangeably characterized by its physiography (the nature and appearance of its landscape) and its climate (the kind of weather it has over a period of years; i.e., the conditions of heat and cold, moisture and dryness, and wind). Finally, the third component of the natural environment is people. In the case of people, we must distinguish between two very important categories of individuals: (1) those who ‘‘belong’’ to the destination (its residents), and (2) those who are current or potential visitors to the destination (the tourism market). Built Environment: The components or activities within a tourism destination that have been created by humans. These include the infrastructure and superstructure of the destination, as well as the culture of its people, the information and technology they use, the culture they have developed, and the system of governance that regulates their behaviors. Operating Sectors of the Tourism Industry: The operating sectors of the tourism industry represent what many of the general public perceive as ‘‘tourism.’’ First and foremost, the transportation sector, comprising airlines, bus companies, and so on, tends to typify the movement of people and travel. 3. What is a Tourist? A person who travels from place to place for nonwork reasons. By the United Nations’ definition, a tourist is someone who stays for more than one night and less than a year. Business and 1 | P a g e
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Mid Term Information - Domestic and International Tourism 32 Questions Multiple Choice 8 Short Answer – Must get all of the correct for credit Professor Whitley FDU convention travel are included. This thinking is dominated by balance-of-trade concepts. Military
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