This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: ted persons. All body fluids (blood, saliva, urine, stool) contain infectious virions and should be handled with great care Disinfect reusable supplies and equipment Dispose of waste safely Mobilize community resources and conduct community education Use safe burial practices http://www.biosci.ohiou.edu/virology/Ebola/DectectionTreatment2.htm Treatment No specific treatment has been proven effective, and no vaccine currently exists. A vaccine is in the developmental stages. Ebola is known to exist in humans and a few monkey species can be infected. To develop the vaccine, monkeys are used but it can not be tested on humans except in outbreak environments so the vaccine must be tested extensively and meet strict government regulations. Also, in the development of a vaccine, accessibility and cost for people of poor nations and the transportation efficiency of it must be considered. Prevention Although there is no specific treatment for patients with Ebola, there have been entire books written about how to prevent it from spreading from the patient to health care workers or other patients. The first step in prevention is to make advanced preparations for Ebola and other viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs). Selecting a VHF Coordinator to oversee preparations for VHF activities, such as the following, does this: ° Serving as the focal point for information and leadership when a VHF case is suspected. X Informing all health facility staff about VHFs and the risks associated with them. X Organizing training in VHF Isolation Precautions for staff that will work with VHF patients or infectious body fluids. Making sure that teams are trained to prepare and transport bodies for burial (CDC 115-116). The next step is maintaining a minimum standard of cleanliness in the hospital. This includes washing hands and sterilizing needles (CDC 9-18). Also, the medical staff must be informed about the different types of VHFs, including Ebola, and their symptoms. Symptoms that are common to many VHFs are severe weakness and fatigue, and a fever for more than 72 hours and less than three weeks. The patient also may have unexplained bleeding from the mucous membranes, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal tract. The patient may also be going into shock (has a blood pressure of less than 90 mm Hg or a rapid weak pulse). Finally, that patient may have had contact with someone in the last three weeks that had an unexplained illness with fever or bleeding or who died with an unexplained severe illness with a fe...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 10/13/2009 for the course YIPH ln;ljhdfi taught by Professor Wanger during the Spring '09 term at Heriot-Watt.
- Spring '09