5100 Test 1

5100 Test 1 - CHP 1 Trace the changes in patterns of...

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CHP 1 Trace the changes in patterns of disease during the 20th century. Are there signs that those trends are changing? If so, how? status: not answered () correct: A. Chronic diseases became more prevalent during the 20th century, overtaking acute diseases as leading causes of death. 1. In 1900, the leading causes of death were attributable to public or community health problems. 2. As the century progressed, diseases with behavioral components such as heart disease, cancer, and stroke, became leading causes of death. B. Beginning in the mid-1990s, the death rate from diseases with behavioral components began to decrease, whereas some causes of death with small behavioral contributions increased. your answer: 2 What roles do age and ethnicity play in mortality? status: not answered () correct: A. Age is strongly related to illness and death. 1. The likelihood of chronic illness increases with age. 2. Children and young adults are much less likely to die than middle-aged and older adults, but younger people are more likely to die of unintentional injuries and violence. B. Ethnicity also plays a role in health and mortality. 1. European Americans (including Whites and Hispanics) have substantially longer life expectancies than African Americans. 2. The role of ethnicity is not entirely clear because poverty and low socioeconomic status also relate to ethnicity in the United States, and income relates to health. a. Poverty is related to ethnicity and is a negative factor in life expectancy. b. Educational level is related to ethnicity, and low educational level is an important factor in poor health. your answer: 3 Discuss the implications of the acceptance of the biopsychosocial model over the biomedical model. status: not answered () correct: A. Implications of the acceptance of one model over another are important because models guide research and practice in any area. B. Acceptance of the biomedical model, the view that disease is a mechanistic response to pathogens, has promoted: 1. Acceptance of a mechanistic view of physiology as the source of both disease and the only route to cures. 2. Exclusion of psychological and social factors relating to illness and health; these factors do not fit into the model. C. Acceptance of the biopsychosocial model promotes: 1. A more complex view of health and illness, one that is multidimensional and contextual.
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2. A definition of health that includes optimal functioning. 3. A focus on the behaviors that underlie the development of many chronic diseases. 4. A holistic approach to health and to treatment. your answer: 4 Before the development of health psychology, how was psychology involved in health? status: not answered () correct: A. Psychology's involvement in health traces back to the early years of the 20th century. 1. Psychologists were involved in medical education.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 5100 taught by Professor Ziechner during the Spring '08 term at UGA.

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5100 Test 1 - CHP 1 Trace the changes in patterns of...

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