21 - LS 163 Lecture 9/21 22:56 Series of Delinquency...

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LS 163 Lecture – 9/21 22:56 Series of Delinquency Causation (Sociological Theories) : The theories of crime causation  Two distinctions-  adolescent criminality (deviational) delinquency that were development, i.e. Fighting in the rebel without a  cause o Is it explaining both aspects? (deviational and developmental) Professor: Both, but not all of the theories apply in equal measure to  each one of these categories o Why are theories of delinquency causation considered important? These start at the front-end of criminal career Cause of delinquency is everything that follows from it Assumption that it tends to persistent Not necessarily – professor Different types of theories: Three classes of theories: Constitutional, Environmental, and Situational o Constitutional Essentially what particular kids bring as their own unique equipment  into the process of growing up and social living, i.e. Biology, Gender,  psychological disposition Individual Features to Environmental and Situational Long term social, economic, physical settings Biological aspect i.e. Movie: Chief cause of fighting – Gender  Related as alpha males o Height related: Size matters in fighting, more force from  bigger beings
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Psychological aspects, the ability to control impulses Environmental Situation Families What family you are born into? (why not for constitutional  purposes? If it has biological aspects with impulses and other  developments rooted from family, then yes it can be  constitutional due to this certain aspect) Something outside the kid that acts on it or interacts with and  brings it to the table o Neighborhoods, opportunities, economic status, peers and  friends (high crime vs. low crime schools) Situational theories Difference from environmental – Environmental is long term  features of life, situational is stuff that is presented at a particular  time that influences short term features/behavior of life (i.e. physical  abuse, sex abuse, has a risk factor) What so important of causes in delinquency? Social theorists: Operating with an assumption that the reason the particular  causes of juvenile criminality are important is that if we can get a hold of the  causes then we could deficiently prevent the behavior o Can be questionable in a wide variety of important policy domains What causes of auto-theft (in California?)? o
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21 - LS 163 Lecture 9/21 22:56 Series of Delinquency...

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