Final_Exam_Review_2.docx - World History Honors Final...

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World History Honors Final Review (Part 2: January 2020)Directions: Define, describe, explain the following terms, people, events, etc. o4 (four) Motivations/causes of European exploration:-New Routes for Asia: They were trying to find faster routes for Asia-Economy: They wanted to improve their economy for instance by acquiring more spices, gold, and better -Glory: They explored for their own personal interest like fame from discovering new land.-Religion: They really believed in the need to spread their religion, Christianity.o5 (five) characteristics of an autocrat: -Limit or controls the power of nobles.-Uses armies to expand or consolidate borders under the ruler’s control.-Controls religious authorities.-Circumvents, ignores, or uses assemblies to approve or rubber- stamp the ruler’s initiatives.-Makes the laws, dispenses justice.oAbsolutism: A political theory that absolute power should be vested in one or more rulers.oAstrolabe: It’s instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or stars and for the solution of other problems in astronomy and navigation.oAtahualpa: Was the last ruler of the Inca empire who reigned from 1532 CE until his capture and execution by the invading Spanish forces led by Pizarro in 1533 CE.oAztec: A Native American people who ruled Mexico and neighboring areas before the Spaniards conquered the region in the sixteenth century.oCaravels: Was a small, highly maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese to explore along the West African coast and into the Atlantic Ocean. oColonies: Is a group of people who settle in a new place but keep ties to their homeland.o

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