herod book2.word

herod book2.word - Masterpieces of Greek Literature Dr....

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Masterpieces of Greek Literature Dr. Fredricksmeyer Dr. Fre Herodotus. The Persian Wars Books 2-9: including the Egyptian logos, the Debate over Constitutions, Xerxes and Greek victory Book 2 Starts with the invasion of Egypt by Cambyses (Cyrus’s son) Egyptian logos (paratactic organization) Ethnographic – study and recording of human culture Greek got their pantheon of Gods from the Egyptians (tremendous influence of Egyptians on the Greeks) Herodotus says that Egypt is the most learned of all nations -cultural relativism – Herodotus is willing to acknowledge the strengths of other cultures Talks about the influence of climate on human character ( Airs, Waters, Places ) An illusion to a treatise that was included in the Hippocratic corpus called Airs, Waters, Places. Herodotus and others recognized that peoples characters in part are determined by the weather/where they live. The customs of Egypt are reversed from those of Greece Women go to the market and trade while the men stay home, and in addition the women pee standing up and the men sitting down. religiosity of Egyptians vs. Greek human secularism this was a weakness of Egyptian culture. The priest class in Egypt was extremely powerful sometimes complimenting the power of the pharaoh. Greece did not have a priestly class they did not have a strong organized religion. Historical – includes some that is history and some that is not Has a lengthy section about an imaginary pharaoh named Rhampsinitus'. He tells about the architect of Rhampsinitus’s treasury and the 2 thieves. The architect of the treasury built in a section of stone that could be removed. Upon Rhampsinitus’s death bed he told his sons about this incase they needed money. The sons soon become too greedy and the “bookkeeper” notices and sets a trap. One of the brothers steps into the trap and gets stuck so he tells his brother to cut off his head and take it with him so they won’t be able to identify them and get in trouble. Egyptian cunning – the whole story proves herodotus’s claim that the Egyptians are very cunning; the thief is representative of the Egyptians cultural relativism – pays due respect to other cultures
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Book 3 Herodotus returns to the more immediate history Cambyses and his Egyptian campaign (ring composition – starts with invasion of egypt by cambyses in book two and then he goes on this digression of Egypt and then picks up in the same place he left off in book two ) Immediately we see that Cambyses is doing things that suggest hubris (mistakes but at the same time show he is hubristic) hubris : 1. He orders that the body of Amasis (enemy of his) be disinterred, mutilated and burned. Even though he was an enemy Cambyses shouldn’t have done this he violated the proper treatment of the dead. 2. He mistreats a sacred Egyptian cow named Apis . According to the Egyptians it was this mistreatment that lead to Cambyses’s death.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course CLAS 1110 taught by Professor Stevens,be during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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herod book2.word - Masterpieces of Greek Literature Dr....

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