Chapter_02

Chapter_02 - chapter 2 Personality and Sport Session...

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2 Personality and Sport chapter
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Session Outline What Is Personality? What Makes Up Personality? Approaches to Understanding Personality Measuring Personality Dos and Don’ts in Personality Testing (continued)
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Session Outline (continued) Selected Findings in Personality Research Cognitive Strategies and Athletic Success Your Role in Understanding Personality
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What Is Personality? The characteristics or blend of characteristics that make a person unique
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What Makes Up Personality? Adapted, by permission, from R. Martens, 1975, Social psychology and physical activity (New York: Harper & Row), 146. Copyright 1975 by Rainer Martens.
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What Makes Up Personality? Psychological core Typical responses Role-related behavior
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Psychological Core The most basic and deepest attitudes, values, interests, motives, and self-worth of a person —the “real” person Example A person’s religious values
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Typical Responses The way one typically adjusts or responds to the environment Example Being happy-go-lucky, shy
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Role-Related Behavior How one acts in a particular social situation Example Behavior as a student, parent, or friend
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Approaches to Understanding Personality Psychodynamic approach Trait approach Situational approach Interactional approach Phenomenological approach
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Psychodynamic Approach Behavior is determined by several unconscious, constantly changing factors that often conflict with one another. Emphasis is placed on understanding the person as a whole rather than identifying isolated traits.
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Trait Approach Behavior is determined by relatively stable traits that are fundamental units of personality. These traits predispose one to act in a certain way, regardless of the situation.
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“Big Five” Trait Model of Personality Components Neuroticism Extraversion Openness to experience Agreeableness Conscientiousness
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Situational Approach Behavior is determined largely by the situation or environment.
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Interactional Approach Behavior is determined by both the person and the situational factors as well as by their interaction.
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Phenomenological Approach Behavior is best determined by accounting for situation and personal characteristics. A person’s “understanding” and “interpretation” of one’s self and environment are critical.
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Research Support: The Bottom Line Current impact: Has little influence; hasn’t been
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course EXSS 181 taught by Professor Hedgepeth during the Summer '09 term at UNC.

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Chapter_02 - chapter 2 Personality and Sport Session...

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