Chapter_05

Chapter_05 - chapter 5 Competition and Cooperation Session...

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5 Competition and Cooperation chapter
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Session Outline Defining Competition and Cooperation Competition As a Process Psychological Studies of Competition and Cooperation Social Factors Influencing Competition and Cooperation Is Competition Good or Bad? Enhancing Cooperation Balancing Cooperative and Competitive Efforts
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Defining Competition Competition A social process that occurs when rewards are given to people for how their performance compares with the performances of others during the same task or when participating in the same event (Coakley, 1994)
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Defining Competition Cooperation A social process through which performance is evaluated and rewarded in terms of the collective achievement of a group of people working together to reach a particular goal (Coakley, 1994)
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Competition As a Process Martens (1975) model Competition is a process that involves four distinct phases. From R. Martens, 1975, Social psychology and physical activity. New York: Harper & Row), 69. By permission of R. Martens.
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Stages of the Competitive Process Objective Competitive Situation A situation in which performance is compared with some standard of excellence in the presence of at least one other person who is aware of the comparison.
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Stages of the Competitive Process Subjective competitive situation How the person perceives, accepts, and appraises the objective competitive situation (influenced by personality factors such as competitiveness)
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Stages of the Competitive Process Response Whether a person approaches or avoids an objective competitive situation (at the behavioral, physiological, and psychological levels)
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Chapter_05 - chapter 5 Competition and Cooperation Session...

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